Hangzhou - a city in China, it enjoys a great reputation - something like Florence or Vienna in Europe: it is accompanied by an aura of tradition, wealth and beauty. The administrative center of Zhejiang Province, 180 km south of Shanghai at the mouth of the Qiantangjiang River, gave China the perfect image of the city among beautiful nature. Peking emperors twice ordered to "reproduce" Lake Xihu with its dams in their garden palaces. Since ancient times, Hangzhou - no later than since the Song Dynasty, whose emperors chose this city as their residence - was considered as a place of "exalted" lifestyle.
There are many legends and legends about Hangzhou, but there are few historical architectural monuments left. From the evidence of the brilliant flowering of the southern Song Dynasty for one hundred and fifty years (1127-1279) nothing was preserved, still the best description of the capital of that era (under the name Qinsai) left Marco Polo, calling it "the most brilliant city in the world." Today's Hangzhou is booming, like the entire Shanghai region, many skyscrapers have been built here, which, when viewed from Xihu Lake, look awkward and ugly, so romantic panoramas are not waiting for you everywhere. Nevertheless, it is believed that the one who did not see Hangzhou did not see the substantial, one might say, front side of China. It is enough to spend two days here, but if you arrived on an excursion from Shanghai, in extreme cases, one night will be enough - after which you, of course, will want to stay longer to indulge in idle leisure.
There are many pretty places in Hangzhou: a view of Lake Xihu attracts you for a walk. Well-groomed parks are pleasing to the eye and give a refreshing coolness, benches are waiting for you everywhere, bars and ice-cream parlors and restaurants are found all the time, and numerous boats sail off the east coast. More about Lake Xihu.
Around Wushangchangan Square
There are two sights on the southern outskirts of the old city, which can be seen on foot: near the Wushanguachang Square, there is a reconstructed street of the old city with the historic Hutsingyuyutan pharmacy, and on the hill there is the Chenghuang lookout tower in the form of a pagoda. The landmark is Wushanguachan Square at the northern end of the hill.
Streets of the Old Town and Hutsingyutang Pharmacy
If you go from the square to the east, then on Hefang Jie Street you can see a large ensemble of recently restored old-fashioned commercial and residential buildings - so (though not so neat) It looked like a large part of the old city of Hangzhou, until in 1980-1990. the wave of demolition of old buildings and the construction of new buildings did not begin. Behind them lies the most beautiful historic building (1874) cities in the original form: Hutsingyutan pharmacy. However, the word "pharmacy" is misleading, because it is not just a trading floor, but almost a palace: with several courtyards and a total usable area of 4000 square meters. m. Here, gorgeous, gilded wood carvings, courtyards buried in verdure with growing medicinal plants, as well as a pharmacy museum are pleasing to the eye. Medicines are not only sold here, but also prepared - including in front of visitors. Hefang Jie, Dajing Xiang 95. Opening Hours: Daily. 8.30-18.00.
City Guardian God Pavilion (Chenghuang Ge)
If you return to Ushanguachan Square, and from there you climb uphill, then you will see a 42-meter tower built in 2000, decorated with curved pagoda-shaped roofs. Due to its heavy proportions, it immediately catches your eye - the sight is rather repulsive, especially when viewed from Lake Sikhu. But if you are on this tower itself, then, on the contrary, a wonderful view of the lake and the city opens. Go upstairs (by elevator) best after dark. On the ground floor, large dioramas illustrate the history of the city, in particular, Hangzhou is shown as it was 800 years before the emperors of Song made it their residence. Even higher is the tea house, where you can listen to live classical Chinese music. Below, next to the tower stands (also recently erected) a temple in honor of the guardian god of the city, who was responsible for the prosperity of Hangzhou at a time when they still believed in the gods. But this is not just an attraction for tourists - here you can get acquainted with the cultural tradition of China. Work time: daily 7.30-22.00.
Lingyins Monastery and Feilafeng Mountain
After Xihu Lake, Feilifeifeng Mountain, along with Lingyinsky Monastery in Hangzhou, is considered the number two attraction. In a shady valley along which a stream flows, cliffs adorned with ancient sculptures hang on one side, and on the other - an impressive Buddha temple. Thus, a wonderful ensemble of nature and religious art is created. If thousands of tourists didn’t come here every day, here, 3 km west of Lake Xihu, it would be impossible to suspect that a city with a million people is located nearby.
Title and History
Lingyins Name ("Resident Spirit"), speaks for itself: the one who wants to renounce the world, for him the hermitage in the forest or on the mountain seems like a miracle. But how to explain the name Failayfeng, the mountain which has arrived? It is believed that the monastery was founded in 326 by one Indian monk who considered this rocky peak (170 m) very similar to one of the mountains of his homeland - as if she had flown here to China. Later, in the X-XIV centuries. here more than three hundred Buddhist sculptures and reliefs were carved from the rock, most of them in natural caves. The most famous figure is the laughing fat Buddha of the Song era near the monastery. However, among the current monastery buildings there is not one older than one hundred and forty years. Only two stone columns of sutras in front of the road remind of gray antiquity - they were created in 969 - and two damaged stone pagodas of the same era in the first courtyard. Due to the influx of tourists and numerous donations in the period after the death of Mao, the monastery has expanded significantly - and construction work has not yet been completed.
Hall of Heavenly Kings
The six figures in this room correspond to the generally accepted pattern; there is a common casket of a cheerful fat Buddha and Veito, who, in incredibly rich jewelry, sits on the opposite side and carefully watches what is happening inside the temple. The main hall, 33 meters high, restored in 1953, is impressive in size. Buddha Shakyamuni, who was carved from camphor wood and covered with gilding, sits on the throne in the center. Together with a pedestal and a halo around his head, his height is 19.6 m. The figures on the sides of him are twenty guardian gods of Buddhism, followed by enlightened disciples of the Buddha. On the reverse side in the reliefs is the story of the young man Shantsai, who was visited by fifty-three teachers on his way to the state of Buddha, including the goddess of mercy Guanyin, her figure stands in the center on a giant fish on which she moves around the oceans to save people.
Hall of five hundred arhats
The hall of five hundred arhats, the construction of modern times, is to a certain extent a symbol of the economic boom in the region: a lot of money has been invested here. The figures of five hundred holy monks are made in a supernatural size and in their sizes have no analogues in all of China. Their container, respectively, is also huge, in terms of it has the form of a Buddhist symbol of infinity: the swastika. Work time: daily 7.00-17.00.
From the Old Town you can take nostalgic wooden buses (routes 1 and 2 to the final stop).
Roundabout with added value
There is another road to Lingyins Monastery. Approximately 700 m from the main gate, you can catch the Beigao-Feng cable car and climb the High Northern Peak. At an altitude of 314 m a beautiful panorama opens - and here you can bring a sacrifice to the god of wealth. You need to go down to the monastery for half an hour - through the forest. So you can avoid the hustle and bustle at the main entrance.
South and southwest
Xihu Lake is not the only thing that forms the "spirit" of Hangzhou. Another element is the hills and tea plantations bordering it in the valleys, between them are caves, bamboo groves, and besides, we will not forget about silk as a reflection of the Hangzhou way of life. It is better to go around all these places on a bicycle, a trip together with a visit to two museums and inspection of other objects may well take a whole day. Alternatively, consider a combination of hiking and bus or taxi rides. If you prefer public transportation, then take bus number 27 from Baidi Dam (northern tip) or tourist bus number 3, both go to the "Dragon Well Village".
Longjing Lu departs from the middle of Xishan Lu Street on the west bank of Xihu Lake in the direction of the Dragon Well Village. If you go along it and turn into the second street to the right, you can get into the tea museum (Zhungochaebootan), which in a beautiful setting presents the history and culture of the cultivation, processing and preparation of tea - all the inscriptions are duplicated in English. Shuangfeng Sip Bus Stop Work time: daily 8.20-16.20.
The Tea Museum stands in the middle of the homeland of the most famous tea variety in all of China: The Dragon Well (Longjing cha). Tea plantations, through which the further two-kilometer way lies to the village of Longjingcun of the same name and directly to the “Dragon Well” itself, are not the only ones delivering this popular brand, which, however, is divided into very different price categories depending on the collection. Therefore, be careful when buying tea leaves from individuals, what local traders try to force tourists at the terminal station! First, find out in some store what the price range for tea of various quality is. Longjing tea leaves are more expensive here than anywhere else, but guaranteed fresh.
Valley of the Nine Streams
Further the path leads south along Jiuxi Lu (nine streams) through an idyllic valley strewn with tea plantations and bamboo groves, free from cars, with a waterfall and a pond, there is also a restaurant. After 4 km, you will reach the Qiantangjiang River. Bus routes K 4, K 504 and 514 go back to the city or to the next travel destination.
3 km south of Xihu Lake or one kilometer downstream from the place where the Valley of the Nine Streams intersects the Qiantangjiang River, Luheta Pagoda, a symbol of the city, stands on a hill. Its name, “The Pagoda of Six Harmonies,” illustrates the six-fold unity and community of a Buddhist monastery: in teaching, leadership, veneration, worship, morality, and faith. The wooden structure with a height of almost 60 m was last updated in 1900, but in general it dates back to 970. Since then, the brick core of the tower has been preserved in the original. From above, a beautiful view of the river and built in 1935-1937. 1.4 km railway tram bridge. Work time: daily 6.00-18.00.
For the last leg of the journey, but the city needs to take a taxi, because there is no bus service. The Silk Museum is located about one kilometer from the southeast corner of Lake Xihu. It is large and brand new, but there is little concern for it: most of it is more likely a silk shop. Nevertheless, the loan is worth it. The history and technique of silk production, as well as historical silk costumes are equipped, in particular, with English inscriptions. Silk, which is more than a thousand years old, is especially valuable. Yuhuangshan Lu 73. Opening hours: Tue.-Sun. 8.45-16.30, Mon 12.00-16.30. Entrance is before 16.00.
Arrival and departure
Hangzhou is located on the Shanghai-Guangzhou railway line, and several trains run from Shanghai to it. (travel time from 2 hours). There is an airport in Hangzhou from where direct flights are possible, including to Beijing and Hong Kong. Long-distance buses go to different settlements, it is interesting to make an excursion to Huangshan Mountain (from the Western bus station, travel time 6 hours). Suzhou, a city with which there was a great cultural and historical rivalry, can be reached by boat along the Imperial Canal. The ship leaves in the evenings at 17.30, travel time 13 hours: book in advance at travel agencies!
Famous green tea leaves from the Dragon Well can be bought at many stores. They would be well complemented by a small tea service made from Yixing clay, especially when parting with this region. Other souvenirs, including fans, which Hangzhou is also famous for, can be purchased in one of the alleys of the old city near Wu-Shan Square.
Lying 60 km east of Hangzhou is the city of Shaoxing (350 thousand inhabitants) - The purpose of a day trip by train or bus. Up until the 1990s it was famous for its picturesque neighborhoods, where traditional one-story and two-story houses and numerous canals set the tone. The latter are still preserved, but most of the old residential and commercial buildings had to give way to new buildings.
The funnel-shaped mouth of the Qiantangjiang River at high tide (new moon or full moon) causes a tidal wave. About her composed poems two thousand years ago. It can be seen at the Luheath Pagoda, but about 40 km lower along the river - the spectacle is even more impressive.
Shaoxing lies only slightly above sea level, its surroundings, especially north of the city, are cut up and down by canals and ponds. Traditionally, the agrarian region is now increasingly crowded out by industrial enterprises, transport facilities and residential settlements. Former peasants, who grew rich through the sale of land and new crafts, built luxurious houses for themselves, so the territory sometimes looks like a cottage village.
The central city square, the result of modern city planning - taking into account the topography - seems to be liked by the locals. In the west you can see the restored fragment of the city wall, in the south - the 40-meter-high brick pagoda of Dashansyt. The temple to which it once belonged has long ceased to exist, it itself was built in 1228, but subsequently it was updated many times. Hongqi lu (Red Banner Street) - not a memorial to dying socialism, but a beautifully restored street of the old city, leading from the southwestern tip of the square to the south along the canal. There are several pleasant cafes and shops. On the other side of the canal, you can walk back along Longshan Houjie. Possible alternative: cross the canal from Hongqi Lu at the earliest opportunity (westbound) continue straight ahead and then climb Fushan Hill, where the eponymous park is located. Upstairs, the viewing pagoda provides a good view of the surroundings.
Memorial places of Lu Xin
Lu Xin, the famous writer of modern China, was born and raised in Shaoxing. On Luxun Zhonglu, Lu Xin Middle Street, there is a house in which he was born. The large estate of the writer’s parents remained almost untouched, and the original setting was largely preserved. Here you can get an idea of life in the era of the last emperors. The large garden is especially beautiful. Lu Xin’s path to school was very short: obliquely across the street and across the bridge to the other side of the canal.The school was tiny, the situation in it is extremely poor. In the neighborhood, the Lu Xin memorial gives an idea of the life and work of the writer. Opening hours of all memorial places: daily. 8.00-17.30.
The action of Kun Yi-jing, one of Lu Xin's most famous stories, takes place in the Xianheng zucchini, it is about a Confucian educated loafer who keeps afloat thanks to thefts and, if he has money, comes here to drink a glass of rice wine. Zucchini today enjoys the fruits of its literary fame, turning into a real restaurant, a large building with a double courtyard and many guest rooms. True, bottles of Shaoxing wine, the most famous rice wine in all of China, can be bought in other places, but to drink it here is undoubtedly more authentic - and this indicates your acquaintance with Chinese literature. By the way, this wine is drunk warmed up. Xianhengjiudian, Luxun Zhonglu 179.
Arbor of orchids (Lantin)
About 10 km south-west of the city there is an imitation of the tone of an arbor, in which in the spring of 353 forty-two writers came together to drink wine and compete in versification. Subsequently, Wang Xizhi, a master of calligraphy, wrote his famous “Preface to the Orchid Arbor” to the collection of poems (Lanting Xu)who told the posterity about this event. Today it is a beautiful place with a bamboo grove, a pond, gazebos, a tea house and a large stele, on which emperors Kangxi and Qianlong have immortalized the fame of this area with their own calligraphic writing. Work time: daily 8.00-17.00.
The site contains Hangzhou sights - photos, descriptions and travel tips. The list is based on popular guides and is presented by type, name and rating. Here you will find answers to questions: what to see in Hangzhou, where to go and where are the popular and interesting places of Hangzhou.
Zhejiang University is a state university of China, founded in 1897. It is located in Hangzhou, Zhejiang Province, 180 kilometers from Shanghai. This is one of the most prestigious Chinese universities. Teaching is conducted in 11 areas: management, medicine, agronomy, engineering, history, neo-Confucianism, pedagogy, literature, jurisprudence, economics and philosophy. The university includes 24 colleges, 14 laboratories at the national level and 5 engineering research centers.
About 40 thousand students study here. The university employs only highly qualified personnel, the teaching staff includes about 9 thousand people, 200 of them are professors of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, 300 are professors of the Academy of Engineering, about 2,400 are associate professors, 1,200 are professors, and the rest are assistant professors.
The university’s library is the largest in China, with about 7 million publications. The university includes 6 medical clinics throughout the province. Students are offered a full range of services, including housing, restaurants, bookstores, banks and post offices.
Xihu Freshwater Lake is located near Hangzhou City. The age of the lake is approximately two thousand years - it was formed from the lagoon of the Qiantang River. The picturesque expanse of Xihu and the emerald mountains along the shores have always attracted many philosophers and poets.
For the first time, Lake Xihu began to be used by the Chinese in 781. It was then that under the governor Lee Mi an underground sewage system was dug, which supplied the residents of the city with drinking water. Under the rule of the Ming Dynasty, work was carried out to deepen the lake. As a result of this, two artificial islands, Xuixingtin and Xiaoinzhou, were formed.
Today, Lake Xihu is a major tourist center. A large number of trees are planted along its shores, and the main attractions are numerous temples and pagodas.
And what sights of Hangzhou did you like? Next to the photo area there are icons, by clicking on which you can evaluate this or that place.
The city of Hangzhou is considered to be the tea capital of China, it produces the world famous Longjin tea variety, carefully honors and observes all the traditions and mysteries of tea ceremonies. It is logical that it was in Hangzhou in 1991 that the Chinese National Tea Museum was built.
The Tea Museum is not just exhibitions and expositions. This is a real center of tea culture. It has its own plantations, a training center and a library dedicated to the culture and traditions of tea drinking, several dozen halls for tea ceremonies and a restaurant.
A tea culture school has been opened at the museum, where anyone can attend courses that teach the oriental intricacies of tea ceremonies for a moderate fee. Here they will teach you how to understand the varieties of Chinese tea, distinguish them by quality and taste, tell how to brew and pour the drink.
In photo mode, you can view places of interest in Hangzhou only by photographs.
A striking example of Chinese architecture 907 - 978 years is Baochu - a pagoda located in the city of Hangzhou. It rises on Gem Hill, near the northern shore of West Lake. The height of the pagoda is 45 meters, and it is built in nine tiers.
The construction of Baochu began in 963 as a monument, which would be the key to the successful return of the last ruler of the principality here - Tsarevich Chu.
The pagoda was built on a very narrow base, and thanks to the fact that it does not have internal stairs, it seems more elegant from the outside. At the very top is a decorative lantern.
Unfortunately, by the 20th century, the building was dilapidated, and the restoration undertaken in 1933 was not very conscientious: the two upper tiers were completely demolished, as a result of which the height of the building was reduced by almost 14 meters. Currently, this place attracts many tourists who want to enjoy the sights with their own eyes and take unique photos.
West Lake (Lake Sihi)
The pearl of Hangzhou is Xihu Lake or West Lake. According to legend, it was formed from pearls that fell from heaven. This picturesque place is a water surface with an area of almost 6 thousand square kilometers. The lake is surrounded by forests and hills.
Pagodas, pavilions and other architectural structures rise along the coast. Reflected in the water, they create an incredibly beautiful sight. Picturesque places have very poetic names, such as “Autumn moon over the lake”, “Hill of solitude” or “Goldfish in the Flower Harbor”.
There are several islands in the center of the lake. The landscapes of the island are changeable - depending on the time of day, season, weather and even the position of the sailing boats.
Pagoda of the Six Harmonies of Luhat
The Six Harmony Pagoda, or Luheath Pagoda, was built in the 970th year. This most striking architectural monument of the Song Dynasty period rises in the south of Hangzhou. The height of the pagoda is sixty meters, the number of tiers is thirteen.
Initially, the Six Harmony Pagoda served as a lighthouse warning sailors about rocks near the coast. Subsequently, new legends appeared, one of which states that the true purpose of the building is to protect tidal waves from mystical dragons. One of these "dragons" badly battered the pagoda - a flood of 1970 nearly wiped it off the face of the earth.
The name of the pagoda has references to Buddhist mythology, where "six harmonies" mean heaven, earth and four cardinal points.
It is worth noting that the pagoda offers amazing views of the city.
Longjing Green Tea Plantation
Longjing Chinese tea is world famous. It is grown, harvested and processed by Chinese farmers and peasants on giant plantations stretching hundreds of square kilometers around the city of Hangzhou. Longjing tea plantations are also found in other provinces of the country, but tea grown in Hangzhou is valued above all others.
Longjing grows in small fluffy bushes, and plantations are long rows of plantings. The valleys and plains on which tea grows can be compared with the dark green sea, and the hills occupied by tea plantations are often called emerald.
Lingins Soul Sanctuary Temple
One of the largest and oldest temples south of the Yangtze River, a unique monument of floorless architecture.
According to legend, the temple was founded in 326 by the Buddhist monk Hui Li. Another legend is associated with the temple. Allegedly, one day his abbot saw in a dream a cliff that he once admired in his homeland in India. In the morning, this cliff strangely materialized at Linyinsa. Now it is called the “cliff flown” and is also considered a landmark.
The temple itself is an architectural ensemble of three huge halls. The central hall of Dasyunbaodyan is crowned with a three-story tiled roof with curved openwork consoles. Its height is 33.6 meters. But at the same time, in the center of the hall there are absolutely no floor ceilings and there is not a single column supporting a heavy roof.
Also in the temple you can see the gilded 19-meter statue of the seated Buddha Shakyamuni. This is China's largest gilded wooden Buddha statue in a sitting pose.
The most popular attractions in Hangzhou with descriptions and photos for every taste. Choose the best places to visit famous places of Hangzhou on our website.
The nature of Hangzhou is picturesque and in harmony with ancient architectural structures. Fifty kilometers northwest of the city is a mountain. It has a height of more than seven hundred meters.
Not only nature, with its bright colors, but also an old legend brought fame to Moganshan Mountain. At the top in the fifth century BC there lived a couple who were engaged in the manufacture of knives. They produced and presented the emperor with daggers of extraordinary beauty and strength. The mountain is overgrown with trees and shrubs and has become for aristocrats and the elite a favorite recreational area.
Hupao source and Beijing-Hangzhou canal
In China, they treat water sources in a special way. Hupao is valued for its life-giving moisture. Water from this source is the property of the city. It makes the most delicious tea. Streams pass through a layer of quartz, which gives the drink an amazing taste. In addition, the water from the source comes out very clean.
A canal that runs through 5 rivers from Beijing to Hangzhou was built in antiquity. To this day, he retained the glory of the longest man-made source. The length of the canal is 1894 kilometers. In the 21st century, they were inscribed on the World Heritage List.
Yellow Dragon Cave
In China, natural attractions are simultaneously holy places. The cave housed a Buddhist temple. During the reign of the four dynasties, people came to him to pray. It is amazing that the sanctuary was located in a natural building and gave the strength of the earth.
At the beginning of the 20th century, the temple became a monastery. In 1949, the cave was transferred to the Ministry of Culture. Since then, bridges and trees, pavilions and places for relaxation have appeared around the attraction.
Yue Fei Temple
A beautiful building, built in the form of a Chinese pagoda, serves not only as a temple, but also as a mausoleum. A national hero, commander Yue Fei, was buried within its walls. In 1126, the Zhuang attacked the Song empire. The military leader rushed to defend the capital, which caused the ruler's discontent. Yue Fei was executed, but rehabilitated and recognized as a hero under the next emperor.
The tomb temple was built in 1221. Until now, various troubles, robberies, arson and perestroika have happened to him. The last reconstruction was carried out in 1923. In the western part of the temple is a tomb, and in front of it stands a petrified cypress.
Museum of Traditional Chinese Medicine
Traditional Chinese occupations were medicine, silk and ceramics. In Hangzhou there is a unique exposition, having a state scale. The museum of medicine stores scientific works, tools and exhibits related to healing.
Notable is not only the collection, but also the building in which it is located. It once had a pharmacy where potions were prepared that saved many lives. In addition to the exhibition hall, the building houses a laboratory for the manufacture of potions, a cafe with dietary dishes and rooms for treating patients.
The beauty of Taihu Lake is endless. It is the third largest in the whole country, while in the deepest place only two meters. The uniqueness of a natural reservoir is not only in a large number of fish, but also in the fact that craftsmen get large river pearls for jewelry in it.
On the surface of the lake there are large and small islands, there are about 90 in total. In the center of the reservoir is the largest land area with a unique plantation of green tea. His fame has crossed borders and spread throughout the world.
Wuzhen Water City
Chinese Venice with canal streets is a colorful landmark and has more than two thousand years. Wuzhen was originally a small village on the water. Some buildings in it appeared long before the official appearance of the village. You can see them now.
The unusual architecture of the city is complemented by well-developed infrastructure. Other Chinese water settlements stand on numerous canals. Wuzhen is on the same river. The buildings are located on two banks, many of them were built during the Ming and Qing Dynasties.
What to see in the city in one day
On their own or with a guide, tourists can visit and see vibrant city attractions.
Sub-provincial level city of the People's Republic of China, capital of Zhejiang province
- A day spent on Lake Xihu will bring true pleasure. On its shores is an old pagoda, a cave, turned into a temple, and the sanctuary "Refuge of the Soul."
- The Tea Museum and the surrounding plantations are part of a guided tour.
- Tourists can walk along several pedestrian streets on their own, buy souvenirs and visit cozy restaurants with traditional Chinese cuisine.
On the pedestrian route you can climb the mountains and see the lake surface from above.
Hangzhou sightseeing itinerary for two days
A two-day city tour, for those who could not come for a longer period, includes several bright sights. Tour does not include arrival time.
Hangzhou is located 180 km southwest of Shanghai, the population of Hangzhou urban area is 1.75 million
- On the first day, travelers can explore the Lingyin Temple and the Six Harmony Pagoda.
- The second day is more eventful. Before travelers appear in all its glory Lake Sihu with a tea island, tea plantations.
To thoroughly study the beauty of the city on the water, you can stay in it for the night, determine in advance where you want to go. You must first agree on where you can spend the night. The beauty of Hangzhou's surroundings allows you to stay in the metropolis for several days, to immerse yourself in the pacification of monasteries, enjoy the sanctity of temples and absorb centuries of wisdom.
You can go to this city from Ussuriysk, then visit Macau, Beijing and Guangzhou. An interesting discovery will be Shanghai, Malaysian Kuala Lumpur. Or you can completely continue the journey in the warmth of Thailand, visiting Phuket, Pattaya, Bangkok or continue acquaintance with the culture of Asia in Japanese Tokyo.
Italian traveler Marco Polo described Hangzhou as the most beautiful and luxurious city in the world.
Population and history
Hangzhou was founded in 220 BC. e. Then it became the residence of the rulers, because by its convenient location and bewitching natural beauties, there were no rivals to the city. By the middle of the tenth century, the city was overgrown with countless sanctuaries, monasteries and temples.He was chosen as a place of residence by poets, musicians and artists. Hangzhou then assumed the role of the elite cultural center of the empire.
But the occupation by the Mongol invaders weakened the role of the city. Fires, raids, ruins deprived him of a part of the rich architectural heritage. In the 16th century, a Jewish community appeared in Hangzhou, and in the 19th century it was destined to become the “fortress of Islam.” So along with the Buddhist shrines in Hangzhou there were synagogues and mosques.
Already in the XIV century, the city totaled about two million people and was one of the largest in the world. Today, the population of the city is more than seven million people. And among his famous natives, the most popular are billionaire Jack Ma and essay writer Yu Hua.
An undoubted influence on the city’s reputation is its former status. And although the metropolitan period in the history of Hangzhou is long over, to some extent this metropolis embodies the concept of Chinese civilization.
In essence, the city of Hangzhou is a fusion of China's real and ideal. A raid of romantic performances, reflected in the local culture, is present in the urban appearance and in the mentality of the townspeople. But a charming fairy tale does not overshadow the real picture here. Therefore, you can learn about Chinese civilization in this one place.
Regulars recommend: you need to walk around Hangzhou on foot. And for this it is important to choose favorable weather. Therefore, you should not plan a trip in the hottest months of summer, June and August. Winter days are also not suitable for travel, since high humidity makes even the easiest frosts intolerable. But to go to Hangzhou in spring or autumn means to fully enjoy all the sights and capture them in the photo in order to infect friends with a love of China.
How to get there
Hangzhou Xiaoshan Airport is 28 kilometers from the city. You can overcome the distance from the airport in the absence of a transfer by bus or taxi.
Getting to Hangzhou is also convenient from Shanghai: the distance between cities is only 180 km. Settlements are interconnected with railways and highways. Accordingly, there can be several ways to come to Hangzhou:
- train - the ticket is relatively cheap, and the daily schedule includes more than four dozen trains every day,
- bus - the journey will take no more than four hours, but in comparison with the train the trip will be less comfortable,
- taxi is the most expensive, but very convenient option,
- rented car, although this option is the most dangerous.
Among the tips of experienced travelers, this is most often found: take into account the fact that sellers at ticket offices practically do not speak English, and to explain where you want to go, arm yourself with a dictionary if you do not know Chinese.
To date, the construction of the Hangzhou subway has not yet been completed: only less than half of the planned lines were commissioned. However, the daily passenger flow already exceeds one million people. The current metro scheme has three lines and more than eighty stations.
The bulk of comfortable hotels are concentrated in the area of Lake Xihu. Those who prefer economical hostels should pay attention to the areas of the tea village and pedestrian Hefantsze street.
Experts pay attention: not all hotels in China have the right to settle foreigners, so it is important for those who book accommodation on the Chinese website to keep this in mind.
What to get?
Of course, amazingly delicious tea will be the main acquisition of tourists visiting Hangzhou. However, you should not be limited only to this magic drink. Here is a rough list of interesting souvenirs from Hangzhou:
- handmade sandalwood fans,
- silk sun umbrellas,
- Zhang Xiaoquan scissors,
- porcelain, jade, pearl products,
- silk clothes and bedding.
The main cluster of souvenir shops is located on Old Tsinghefang Street, it is interesting to go there and just to admire the works of local craftsmen.
The cheapest food outlets are roadside fast food. For a couple of yuan, you can buy boiled corn in them, and for four - pastries. But the regulars warn: there are too many of these street eateries, the authorities simply do not have time to check that they comply with sanitary standards, so they are dangerous to health.
To get acquainted with the national cuisine, you should choose a cafe with halls, it’s definitely cleaner there than on the street. For 8-10 yuan, you can have a decent lunch in them. Difficulties can arise if you do not know Chinese - there are definitely no menus in European languages in inexpensive taverns.
Dinner prices in the restaurant are 50 yuan and higher, you can enjoy dessert in them for 15 yuan, and coffee for 20.
Most traveler reviews boil down to the indescribable beauty of the city. Hangzhou is called paradise on earth, and the impressions of most tourists confirm the validity of such a comparison.
However, the majority of visitors to Hangzhou note linguistic difficulties, the local population practically does not speak English.
Hangzhou is truly a fairytale city. Picturesque landscapes, national flavor, authentic cuisine. It's great to watch the daily life of the Chinese and get acquainted with local traditions. This city can tell about the Middle Kingdom, perhaps even more than the capital of Beijing or the popular Shanghai. Therefore, when planning a tourist route in China, it is important to devote more time to visiting Hangzhou.
A little about Hangzhou
Hangzhou City is located 180 km southwest of Shanghai. Its area is 16.847 km², and the population is more than 8 million people. The territory is divided into 10 districts and 3 counties. The climate in the area is warm, subtropical, with moderately humid weather.
Hangzhou is in a beautiful area with tea plantations
Hangzhou was formed in the pre-Mongol era and was then called Linan, and also served as the capital of the Southern Song Dynasty. Now the village is a large industrial center of Zhejiang. It is famous for tea plantations located in the surrounding area.
There is a well-developed metro network and a railway junction. Buses run around the city, which allows tourists to easily get to any place. The names of the stops are duplicated in English. Thanks to such developed infrastructure, this place is in demand for tourism.
The monetary unit of China, the yuan, is approximately 9 Russian rubles.
Hangzhou International Airport most often takes domestic flights. Airplanes from Europe fly only from Amsterdam, the rest of the airliners fly from Asian and Chinese cities. From Moscow or St. Petersburg you can fly to Hangzhou with a change in Amsterdam or in Hong Kong, Beijing, Shanghai.
The airport is 30 km from the Chinese city. Getting to the center of the village is easy by taxi, but the cost of the trip is about 1300 rubles. There is a bus with a ticket price of about 200 rubles, which leaves from the airport every 30 minutes.
Interesting in Hangzhou
The Chinese city was founded many centuries ago, during this time a large number of beautiful architectural structures that can be attributed to attractions were created here. Nature is no less wonderful, because Hangzhou is located in a picturesque area. Here you can visit many interesting sites as part of the tour and on your own.
Monuments of Hangzhou and the surrounding area
Of the architectural and historical sites of Hangzhou, the following are known and interesting:
- the Six Harmony pagoda, 60 m high, has 13 tiers. The architectural monument was created during the reign of the Song Dynasty, namely in 960-1127. Then the building was destroyed and rebuilt in 1165. Full restoration was carried out in 1900. Now tourists can see and visit the ancient pagoda for free. Practical information:
- Object address - Liuheta Culture Park, Zhijiang lu,
- easy to get on buses No. 4, 318, 354, 334, 291, 287 and 504 to the stop The Six-Harmony Pagoda, Hangzhou Six Harmony Pagoda has a majestic look
- Baochu Pagoda, consisting of 9 tiers and made of stone, is located on the gemstone hill near West Lake. The construction was created in the X century. The pagoda looks beautiful in the evening when the lamp at the top is turned on. Practical information:
- object address - Bao Shi Er Lu, Xi Hu Qu,
- You can get on buses No. 52, 59, 118, 216, Y10, K850, you should leave at the final stop, Hangzhou Baochu Pagoda is one of the oldest buildings in China.
- Yue Fei Temple, which attracts attention with its bright red color, serves as a mausoleum: the remains of the famous General Yue Fei, who in 1126 defended the empire from the Jurchen tribe, rest here. Practical information:
- the temple can be visited for free at Wai Dong Shan Nong, 5, Xi Hu Qu,
- easy to get on buses No. 6, 25, 73, 103, 282 and 295, you need to get off at the Sihu Cultural Center, Hangzhou Yue Fei Temple is Vivid and Rich in History
- The Buddhist Soul Sanctuary Temple, or Lingyinsky Monastery, is located northwest of Hangzhou. According to legend, the first temple was founded in 328 by an Indian monk. The object is one of the richest and largest temples in China, a place of worship for pilgrims. Beautiful architecture, picturesque surroundings, original culture make this monastery interesting for travelers, Soul Sanctuary Temple is one of the most prosperous in China
- Phoenix Mosque is one of China's four greatest mosques. It is located in the center of Hangzhou. The exact time of construction of this facility is unknown, but the building was allegedly built during the reign of the Tang or Song dynasties. Now the mosque serves as a spiritual temple for Muslims. This place will be interesting for tourists with its history and architecture, Phoenix Mosque - one of the four greatest mosques in China
- Hangzhou Railway Station building is an impressive building in a modern style. The construction of the station was completed in 1907. Inside there is a huge hall with a beautiful interior, equipped with the latest technology. From here modern trains leave for different cities of the country. Property Address - East Huancheng Road, Hangzhou Station has a modern design and a beautiful interior.
- Lei Feng Pagoda is a five-story octagonal tower. The first building on this site was built in 975, but collapsed in 1924. Restoration of the ruins and reconstruction were carried out in 2002, thanks to which tourists can today see a beautiful pagoda. The property is located at Leifeng Pagoda Scenic Area Xihu, A long staircase leads to the Lei Feng Pagoda in Hangzhou
- The Cathedral of the Immaculate Conception is located in the very center of the city. This is the only Catholic temple in Hangzhou. It was built in 1691. The hall of the cathedral is decorated with two rows of columns with naves, there are 2 side altars and a central altar. The property is located at Zhongshan North Road, Xiacheng, Hangzhou Immaculate Conception Catholic Cathedral features luxurious interiors
- The water city of Wuzhen near Hangzhou looks interesting and unusual - a complex of buildings and bridges located on the water. In 1991, the settlement received the status of a historical and cultural valuable object. There are several sectors, and each of them has buildings that are several centuries old. The distance between Hangzhou and the water city is about 80 km, the journey takes about 1.5 hours. Practical information: you can get here by bus running from the Central Passenger Transport Station (Jiubao Town, Jianggan District), and the station can be reached by Subway Line 1 subway or by buses No. 69, 100, 101, 104, 111, 314, 328, 508, 684, 848.
The water city of Wuzhen, formed many centuries ago, is called the Chinese Venice
Natural attractions in the vicinity of Hangzhou
Not far from Hangzhou there are beautiful natural sites that tourists should see:
- Xihu freshwater lake is known for its beautiful scenery. The reservoir is crossed by the dams of Judy, Body, Yangundi. At the end of June, lotus bloom begins at this place. The area becomes unusually beautiful, which attracts tourists here. Lake Sikhu is considered a reserve: you can’t litter, pick flowers and burn bonfires here. There is a small temple complex on the shore,
Xihu Lake near Hangzhou is a nature reserve
- in Jiangsu province, Taihu Lake is a popular holiday destination for Chinese and tourists from other countries. Fish and river pearls are mined in the lake. The lake is also famous for its central island, where green tea bilochun is grown. This plant is highly regarded throughout the world. Yacht tours and visits to smaller islands can be made around the lake. You can get to Taihu Lake from Hangzhou by bus with two transfers (the journey takes about 2 hours) or by car, Taihu Lake in China is popular for leisure and tourism.
- Tea plantations - one of Hangzhou's most famous attractions - are located in the vicinity of the city. Bushes of emerald color occupy many hills in the area. Longjing green tea is grown in the province. Leaflets are collected and processed here, tourists can see all the features of getting a tasty drink.
In addition to industry, Hangzhou has a well-developed culture, there are many museums. The most interesting expositions are presented in such:
- Hangzhou Museum of Traditional Chinese Medicine is the only such institution in China. It presents to the attention of visitors instruments for the manufacture of healing products, archaeological sites, historical documents and much more. Practical information:
- address - Shangcheng District, Dajing Alley, 95,
- it’s easy to get to this place by Subway Line 1, you need to get off at High Silver Street station,
- You can also take buses number 8 and 15 to the Gulou stop and bus number 40 to the Wushan Square stop, Hangzhou Museum of Traditional Medicine has a rich and interesting collection of exhibits
- in the national tea museum you can find out the history of the development of tea culture and get a lot of other information about tea, get acquainted with the traditions of the use of this drink. Dishes, tools for growing plants, a collection of different types of tea - all this will be seen by tourists in this museum. The property is located at Longjing Road, 88, At the National Tea Museum in Hangzhou, you can learn the history of tea plant cultivation and the traditions of the tea ceremony
- Hangzhou National Silk Museum, founded in 1992 near Yu Huang Mountain on the shores of West Lake, is the largest of these institutions in China. Visitors can see here ancient devices for creating fabrics, rare canvas options, as well as learn the history of the appearance and improvement of silk. The museum has several theme rooms. Practical information:
- institution address - Yuhuang Shanlu, 73–1, Shangcheng District,
- You can get on buses No. K12, 42 and Y3, exit at the China National Silk Museum stop. Hangzhou National Silk Museum presents interesting and beautiful exhibits
By visiting the famous places and sights of Hangzhou, you can learn more about the history and traditions of China.
In summer, the air temperature in Hangzhou reaches +28 ° C, tourists can make long excursions. A walk along the shore of Lake Xihu or a boat trip along this reservoir will be fascinating. You can take a trip through the swamps of Xi-Xi by renting a boat with a guide. Xi Xi Wetland National Park is 8 km northwest of the city center. From the center runs a direct bus route number 290 to the northeast gate. The northern part of the park is open for free visits, and for walks on the southern side you need to purchase a ticket. Fishing is prohibited here, as the park is landscaped for recreation.
In the fall, the city gets cooler, but walks and excursions will still be comfortable. Mount Jade Emperor - one of the many hills surrounding Hangzhou - at this time of the year will be a great place to explore the surroundings of the city. It is also worth taking a walk along Phoenix Street, where the atmosphere of the old provincial Hangzhou is preserved. There are many small residential buildings, and the street itself is decorated with lanterns. This place is located on the outskirts of the city.
Hangzhou Phoenix Street has a provincial atmosphere and quiet surroundings.
Gastronomic tour in winter
In winter, the air temperature remains positive, but for long excursions it is pretty cool. Therefore, tourists can take a gastronomic tour and visit Hefang Street for this. Here you can taste dishes from unusual ingredients (for example, seahorses), as well as look at traditional Chinese dances. This street is crowded, tourists should be careful and keep valuables under supervision.
Hangzhou Hefang Street is popular with tourists for its distinctive atmosphere
Spring in the parks
In the spring, in China it gets warmer and plants bloom. Tourists can take exciting walks in the parks, which are many in Hangzhou. At this time of the year, the Huagangguanyu Park of Contemplation of Flowers and Fish is especially beautiful. It is located near Lake Xihu and covers an area of 20,000 m 2. Tourists should definitely see a pond with red fish, as well as many plants blooming all year round.
Huaganguanyu Flower and Fish Contemplation Park in Hangzhou is popular for relaxing, as it is very beautiful here
Travel to China at any time of the year. At the same time, you should familiarize yourself with the weather forecast in advance - this will prepare the necessary things and avoid unforeseen situations.
Fun for kids
When traveling to Hangzhou with children, you can visit parks and lakes, souvenir shops and just stroll through the streets. The following places will be especially interesting for young tourists:
- Hangzhou Zoo in the vicinity of the city is one of the most beautiful in China. It was opened in 1958. The zoo covers an area of 20 hectares, about 200 species of animals live in conditions close to the natural environment. Landscaped territory allows you to relax in comfort and learn new things about different types of animals, Hangzhou Zoo is considered one of the most beautiful in China
- Hangzhou Underwater World provides visitors with an aquarium full of marine life. This institution is one of the best in China. Modern facilities make tourist excursions comfortable and informative. The Aquarium is located near Lei Feng Pagoda at 147 Nanshan Road, Xihu District, Hangzhou Underwater World Aquarium in Hangzhou is popular for sightseeing
- Hangzhou Songcheng amusement park is decorated in the national Chinese style and is known among tourists for an interesting cultural program and vivid performances. There is a public theater, a restaurant where you can try traditional dishes. Attractions of various types will provide an exciting holiday for children. This place is located at Zhijiang Avenue, 148, Xihu District. A variety of attractions await tourists at Songcheng Xianghu Amusement Park in Hangzhou
Traveling to China with a child will be fascinating and comfortable if you first determine the route, interesting sights and other features of the city. It is worth taking care of the nutrition of children, because Chinese traditional dishes often contain unusual or spicy ingredients. In Hangzhou there are European restaurants that are suitable for a family dinner.
Features of culture and tradition
Before traveling to a foreign city, you need to know the rules and traditions that apply here. This will allow you to travel in comfort, eliminate unpleasant situations. Therefore, tourists should pay attention to the following features of a trip to Hangzhou:
- in hotels and hotels there is no need for staff to leave tips
- when crossing the road you need to be careful, as many drivers poorly follow the rules of the road,
- It’s important to make currency exchange only at banks or special points where a favorable rate is applicable,
- banks and government agencies work 5 days a week, weekends - Saturday and Sunday,
- Valuables must be kept under supervision.