Unique ethnographic exhibition in the village


Ethnographic Museum in the village of Lazarevskoye

The Ethnographic Museum in the village of Lazarevskoye was founded in 1985; it is one of the departments of the Museum of the History of the resort city of Sochi.

The museum was first opened to visitors on May 12, 1990. The exposition was housed in a two-story mansion built at the beginning of the 20th century (no later than 1914), owned by the merchant Popandopulo. The building was nationalized in 1920. The house has a multi-level roof with triangular gables of different heights on the facades, crowned with wooden spiers, the walls of the house are made of stone. The roof is laid out with old red tiles. Before the revolution, the owner’s family lived on the top floor, the first was his store, in the basement - a wine cellar. In the 1920-1980s. the building belonged to the department of public education. Initially, it housed a school of peasant, later collective farm youth, since 1936. - Lazarevskaya secondary school (since 1938 - “ten years”). In 1986 the house was transferred to the Department of Culture to organize a department of the Museum of the History of the resort city of Sochi. At the same time, the last reconstruction of the building was made.

The author of the architectural and artistic solution of the exposition is artist-architect V.A. Gavrilov. The ethnographic exposition “Life and Culture of the Sochi Population from Ancient Times to the Beginning of the 20th Century” was located in three rooms with a total area of ​​just over 100 sq.m. There is a small exhibition hall and a storage facility.

The museum exposition highlights the main stages of the ethnic history of the Adygs-Shapsugs, who are the indigenous population of the Caucasian Black Sea region, on the subject material tells about their traditional economic activities, social and family life, religious beliefs, customs and customs of this people.

The Caucasian war, which ended in 1864, played a tragic role in the history of the indigenous inhabitants of the Western Caucasus. The Black Sea coast of the Caucasus in the second half of the XIX - beginning of XX centuries. It is inhabited by representatives of peoples of different nationalities, both Russian citizens and foreigners, primarily immigrants from the Ottoman Empire (Turkey).

The geography of the resettlement movement, the culture of the new settlers, which contained both ethnic features and those acquired in the process of adaptation to new living conditions, were reflected in the materials of the exposition.

The museum exhibits about 1 thousand exhibits.

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Ethnographic Museum in the village of Lazarevskoye

Museum of Sports Glory of Sochi
Museum "Cottage of the singer V.V. Barsova"

354000, the city of Sochi,
st. Vorovsky, 54/11

8 (862) 264-23-26
8 (862) 264-28-91

Busrest "Cinema Sunrise", No. 69, 70, stop "Mail", No. 68, 74, 77, 158, 72/73, 156, 157, 170, 79
Suburban train"Swallow" from Sochi to the station. Lazarevskaya

The Ethnographic Museum in the village of Lazarevskoye is one of the departments of the Museum of the History of Sochi. It was founded in a mansion of the beginning of the XX century - a two-story house, which belonged to a merchant named Popandopulo. Until the building became state property, the merchant’s family lived on the top floor, his shop was on the ground floor, and the basement was occupied by a wine cellar.

After 1920, a school was located here, in 1986 the premises were transferred to the needs of the museum and restoration work began. The first visitors saw the museum in May 1990. The Adygei National Museum and the Russian Ethnographic Museum helped in the creation of the Lazarevsky Ethnographic Museum.

The exposition of the ethnographic museum in Lazarevsky is dedicated to the history of the indigenous people of the Caucasian Black Sea coast - the Adygs-Shapsugs. They are recognized as small people, according to the legislation of Russia.

The museum building itself is also noteworthy. The house is made of stone, the roof has several levels with spiers and is covered with red tiles. In addition to the halls with a permanent exhibition, the museum has a separate room for photo and artist exhibitions, as well as a small storage room.

The cost of admission depends on the category of visitors:

  • For adults - 100 rubles.
  • For schoolchildren and students - 50 rubles.

Tours are organized for groups (staff - no more than 20 people):

  • Sightseeing tour in the museum - 600 rubles.
  • Thematic tour in one of the halls or in one exhibition - 200 rubles. The following topics are proposed: "The history of the Lazarevsky region from ancient times to the present day", "Adygs - the aborigines of the Western Caucasus", "The process of resettlement movement on the Black Sea coast of the Caucasus in the second half of the XIX century. The formation of the national composition of Greater Sochi ”,“ People, events, facts. From the recent history of the Lazarevsky district. ”

For photography in the museum you will need to pay 50 rubles.


In the Lazarevsky Ethnographic Museum - 3 rooms with a permanent exhibition. The first two present the history, life and culture of the Circassians-Shapsugs. The presented exhibits belong to the period from ancient times to the middle of the XIX century. In the halls of the museum are kept relics of more than 4000-5000 years old. Here you can see what crafts the indigenous people of this area were engaged in, what their homes looked like, what customs, traditions, and beliefs they had. For example, collections of jewelry, weapons, and gold embroideries are presented. It will be interesting to find out what tool the Circassians used for beekeeping, horticulture, and viticulture. Visitors also like exposed national outfits: for men - Circassian, for women - a costume embroidered with gold and decorated with silver.

The third hall tells about the period from the second half of the 19th century to the 20th century. In 1864, when the Caucasian War ended, the territory began to be settled by Russians, Ukrainians, Belarusians, Estonians and other peoples from the Russian Empire, as well as Armenians and Greeks from Turkey. In this room you can learn about the geography of the resettlement movement. Household items and crafts of immigrants, musical instruments and other exhibits telling about national rites are exhibited here. A separate stand is devoted to spinning and weaving with information about what devices and techniques were used in this craft. The new peoples brought with them some traditions, and adopted something from the locals, so there was a merging of cultures and the emergence of new customs. In each room, preserved photographs and documents are presented.

Despite the fact that the halls of the museum are small, tourists write in reviews that the exposition is very interesting, informative information is presented on the stands. After the excursions, many remember the story of religious buildings - dolmens. Three halls occupy a total area of ​​about 100 sq.m., about 1,000 exhibits are stored in the museum funds.

The Lazarevsky Ethnographic Museum hosts various lectures on creativity, mythology, family traditions and religious beliefs of the Circassians. Guests are also invited to attend excursion classes to learn about the peoples of the Caucasus and their distinctive culture. You can get acquainted with all the events on the official website of the Ethnographic Museum in Lazarevsky.

How to get to the Lazarevsky Ethnographic Museum

The museum is located at: st. Victory, 97. You can get here by bus:

  • No. 69, 70, stop "Cinema Sunrise" near the museum,
  • No. 68, 74, 77, 158, 72/73, 156, 157, 170, 79, the Pochta stop, 300 meters from the museum.

You can quickly get from Sochi (about 2 hours) by commuter train or train from the city railway station to the Lazarevskaya station, bus number 155 from Sochi bus station takes a little longer.

The fastest transport from Sochi to Lazarevskoye is “Swallow”, following the route “Adler - Maykop” (travel time is about 1 hour).

Lazarevskoye bus station and the village's railway station are 700 meters (10 minutes walk) from the Ethnographic Museum.

You can get to the museum by taxi: Yandex services work in Lazarevsky. Taxi, Red Taxi, April. In Sochi, you can also use the services of Yandex. Taxi, Uber, Gett, Taxi Lucky, Maxim.

Panoramic view of the building of the Lazarevsky Ethnographic Museum:

Video about the Lazarevsky Ethnographic Museum:

Photo and description

The Ethnographic Museum in the resort village of Lazarovskoye introduces its guests to the national culture of the indigenous inhabitants of the Black Sea coast - Adygs-Shapsugs, as well as an interesting history of immigrants from countries - Russia, Georgia and Turkey in Sochi, in the second half of the XIX century. and early XX century The museum is located near the central square of the village, on Victory Street. The museum exposition is housed in the mansion of the merchant Popandopulo, erected at the beginning of the XX century.

The official opening of the Lazarevsky Ethnographic Museum took place in 1990. The Russian Ethnographic Museum, the National Museum of the Republic of Adygea and others took an active part in its organization.

The museum presents relics up to 4-5 thousand years old. Here you can also see a collection of weapons, household items from the Middle Ages, discovered in the burial mounds of the "Circassian graves" in Sochi, rare books and photographs. In total, the museum has about 1000 exhibits.

Museum visitors will be able to learn many interesting facts about dolmen culture, which was prevalent in this region in the 3rd - 2nd millennium BC, and see the tools of Shapsugs. The Shapsugs were experienced pastoralists and farmers, excellent gunsmiths, blacksmiths and potters. Museum visitors can admire the women's festive Adyghe clothing made of dark velvet and embellished gold embroidery, gilded clasps and silver braid.

Not far from the Lazarevsky Ethnographic Museum are the remains of the coastal fortification of the Lazarevsky Fort. Near the district hospital are the ruins of ramparts and ramparts, as well as the Unicorn gun, which has been preserved since the foundation of the fort.

Description and structure of the complex

At the beginning of the 20th century, the building of the current Ethnographic Museum belonged to the merchant family Popandopulo. In the basement there was a wine cellar, on the first floor there was a trading shop, and on the second floor there were living rooms. In 1920, the mansion was nationalized, and then the educational department was placed in it, which lasted until the 80s. At different times, peasant and collective farm schools operated here.

In 1986, the building was transferred to the Sochi Museum, after which its restoration began. The unique building has acquired an even more impressive appearance. The house, built of stone, has a multi-level roof with triangular gables that crown the spiers. The roof is tiled, which gives it an even more spectacular look.

Adygea National and Russian Ethnographic Museums and other organizations took part in creating this landmark of Lazarevsky. Its official opening took place in 1990. The total area of ​​3 rooms where materials are exhibited is 300 square meters. m. All of them are dedicated to the Adygs-Shapsugs - the indigenous ethnic group of the Caucasian Black Sea region. Those who come here will learn all about them: traditions, lifestyle, ways of managing, cultural features. In total, about 1000 exposure units were collected here, among which there are artifacts whose age reaches 5000 years.

According to travelers, this is a very informative exhibition, where really original and rare items are collected. Studying the museum is a great way to spend leisure time with the whole family; here it will be interesting for both kids and their parents.

What is interesting ethnographic exhibition in Lazarevsky?

The Ethnographic Museum can be visited on its own or with a guide. Tourists of the Lazarevskoye village are offered the following thematic excursions:

  • About the past of Lazarevsky district since ancient times,
  • About Circassians and their development,
  • About the resettlement process in the Caucasian Black Sea region,
  • About the latest history of the resort village.

Curious people should take a sightseeing tour of all the museum premises. Anyone can attend lectures and lessons on the theme of folklore, mythology, religion, the Adyghe family life and the historical outline of the village.

The main museum halls

The first and second halls. The local expositions are dedicated to the period from ancient times to the first half of the XIX century. Tourists will learn about the origin of the people, their resettlement, crafts, living conditions, dwellings, consider national costumes, get acquainted with rituals, holidays and other traditional elements. Among the exhibits:

  • Jewelry,
  • gold sewing items
  • tools,
  • ancient weapons
  • harness,
  • military uniforms
  • men's suit - Circassian
  • women's outfit - elegant, embroidered with precious metals.

Many things are associated with the activities of Shapsugs - cattle breeding, agriculture, pottery, blacksmithing.

Third hall. It tells about the resettlement of Belarusians, Russians, Ukrainians, Germans, Turks, Moldavians, Greeks, Armenians and other ethnic groups in this micro-district of Greater Sochi after the Caucasian War, at the turn of the XIX-XX centuries. Here you can see wooden, clay, metal utensils of different nationalities, devices for weaving and spinning from wool, costumes of immigrants, as well as gizmos related to their rites and traditions. For example, Armenian and Greek wedding wreaths are exhibited. Studying the exhibitions, you can see how the process of national adaptation took place: a change in culture, habits, clothing, and everyday life is traced.

Magnificent velvet dresses, gizmos from burial mounds, awesome weapons - the collection covers every area of ​​the life of the Circassians. It is worth paying attention to materials related to religion: the subtle interweaving of Islam and Christianity. A very interesting story is dedicated to dolmens and other megalithic buildings. The resort has several dozens of unique religious buildings dating from II-III millennia BC. Authentic archival documents, ancient books and rare photographs help to penetrate the rich existence of the region.

It is worth remembering that photography and video shooting are paid here: it is difficult to leave here without relics.