The Republic of San Marino is the oldest state in Europe, surrounded on all sides by the territory of Italy. There is not a single airport in San Marino, and the rail link with Italy was destroyed during World War II. You can get to San Marino by car, taxi or regular bus, which runs between the capital of the state and Italian Rimini.
The highest point of San Marino is the famous Mount Monte Titano, which is protected by UNESCO. Together with three medieval towers built on the peaks, the mountain is depicted on the coat of arms and the flag of the state.
Thanks to its temperate climate and beautifully preserved medieval monuments of architecture, San Marino receives high marks from tourists from all over the world. The main attractions are concentrated in the eponymous capital of the state. There are many museums here, the most interesting of which are the Curiosities Museum, the Torture Museum, and the Maranello Rosso Collection, which includes more than 250 cars.
What to see in San Marino?
The most interesting and beautiful places, photos and a brief description.
1. Mount Monte Titano
The highest point of San Marino is the limestone mountain of Monte Titano, located 13 kilometers from the Adriatic Sea. Three peaks of this mountain are crowned with towers, the first of which was built in the XI century. These towers symbolize the freedom of San Marino, and since the 14th century they have been depicted on the state emblem.
2. Basilica of San Marino
The main temple of the capital is the Basilica of San Marino, made in the neoclassical style. Since the 4th century, there has been a church built in honor of the patron saint of the country, St. Marina. In 1838, a new church was erected on the site of the old building, under the central altar of which part of the relics of St. Marino is stored. In 1926, the building received the status of a small basilica.
3. Piazza della Liberta
The city square of the capital of San Marino is called Liberty Square, which in Italian sounds like Piazza della Liberta. Here is a marble statue of Liberty, depicted on a two-cent coin of local coinage, and the Palazzo Publico, the main residence of the government. From the observation deck Piazza della Liberta offers a magnificent view.
5. Museum of Torture
In the historical center of the capital, near the gates, there is the Museum of Torture, terrifying specimens of which are mostly dated to the XVI-XVII centuries. The museum's collection consists of more than one hundred tools and devices, among which you can see the Spanish boot, the Chastity belt, the Iron Maiden and the Inquisitor's Chair.
6. Montale Tower
One of the three famous towers of San Marino, the Montale tower, is depicted on one of the coins of the local coinage. Erected in 1320 on the lowest of the peaks of Monte Titano, the Montale Tower has undergone restoration many times in its history. Montale is currently restricted to tourists.
7. Museum of Curiosities
One of the most bizarre museums in San Marino is the Curiosities Museum. Exact copies of the most unusual people, objects or phenomena are exhibited here. The Museum of Curiosities consists of several thematic halls in which you can see both medieval mousetraps, of an original design, and the figure of the tallest man in the world.
8. The Palazzo Publico
The main residence of the government of San Marino, as well as the city hall of the capital, are located in the Palazzo Publico, located on Liberty Square. In 1884-1894, the Palazzo Publiko was built on the site of the old House of Great Communes. Today, everyone can visit the famous building of the government residence to see its luxurious interior.
9. Museum of modern weapons
One of the popular attractions of San Marino, located in the historic center of the city, is the Museum of Modern Weapons. An impressive collection of various guns used during the First and Second World Wars is exhibited here. Each exhibit is equipped with instructions for its production and use.
10. La Chesta Tower
One of the three famous towers of San Marino, La Chesta, was first mentioned in historical documents from 1253. In the XIV century, the tower entered the defensive complex of the city, and in 1924 La Cesta was restored and opened to visitors by tourists. Since 1956, the tower hosts an exhibition of exhibits of the Museum of Ancient Weapons.
11. State Museum of San Marino
At the end of the 19th century, the State Museum was opened on the donations of citizens in the capital of San Marino. In 1982, the museum moved to the Palazzo-Pergani-Bellucci and after the restoration of the building was reopened in 2001. More than 5 thousand historical and art exhibits tell visitors the history of San Marino since 1865.
12. Adventure Park (San Marino Adventures)
An extensive recreation area, a snack bar, a picnic area and many fascinating rope routes for children and adults - all this is San Marino Adventure Park. The safety of guests during the trails on the trees is provided by the Park with the help of climbing equipment, which is issued after a special briefing.
13. Guaita Tower
The first of the three famous towers of San Marino is called Guaita or Prima Torre. It was built in the 11th century and was mainly used as a defensive fortress. Today, Guaita Tower is a popular tourist attraction, from the top platform of which offer beautiful views of the landscape surrounding the mountain.
The first tower, or Rocca Guaita, as it is commonly called in Italy, is located in San Marino. This is one of the three oldest towers, which are symbols of the country. The tower was built in the XI century as an observation post. For some time it was used as a prison. Over the entire period of its existence, the tower was repeatedly completed and rebuilt.
The tower is surrounded by two circles of defensive walls. The most ancient inner walls contain battlements and corner turrets in their construction. The purpose of these walls was to protect the inhabited part.
The tower is currently one of San Marino's most visited attractions. It offers stunning views of the surroundings.
Freedom Square is located in the center of Serravalle and is the most visited place among tourists.
From all sides it is surrounded by government and state institutions. In the center of the square stands the Statue of Liberty, created by the sculptor Galetti. It was donated by San Marino to the Countess Otilia Geyrot Wagener in 1876.
From the square you can enjoy a wonderful view of Montefeltro, see the Church of St. Francesca and the most ancient fortress of San Marino - La Rocca, which was built in the 11th century.
Under the square, tanks for collecting rainwater - “Fossi”, built in the 15th century, were preserved.
Basilica del Santo
The Basilica del Santo (aka the Church of St. Marino) has already become the hallmark of the Republic of San Marino. This beautiful building was designed by architect Antonio Serra in 1838 on the foundations of an old church dating back to the 4th-5th centuries AD.
The relatively new building of the basilica is made in the neoclassical style and is decorated with numerous bas-reliefs. The interior of the temple is no less magnificent. The marble sculpture of authorship of the famous Tadolini, located on the central altar of the church, immediately attracts attention. Under the altar itself lie the relics of St. Marinus himself, whose skull, placed in a silver box, lies on a separate marble pedestal.
The usual mode of operation of the basilica is until 17.00, and in the summer - an hour longer.
The construction of the Palazzo Publico was carried out by the Italian architect Francesco Adzurri, and it lasted from 1884 to 1894. Earlier in this place was the House of Great Communes - the government residence of the time. Over the years, the building has seriously deteriorated, and in the fall of 1996 a comprehensive restoration was carried out.
Now the exterior of the building is impressive: the walls of cream sandstone are effectively decorated with mosaics depicting saints and family crests. Here you can also see a bronze statue of St. Marina, the founder of the republic.
A large bell is installed on the clock tower, which once rang in a minute of danger and warned citizens that enemies were close.
The Palazzo is built on the Piazza della Liberta (Liberty Square), where another landmark of the same name stands - the Statue of Liberty, which causes tourists no less interest than the building itself.
The memory of the architect Francesco Adzurri is immortalized by a marble bust by Giulio Tadolini, standing at the entrance to the Palazzo.
An observation deck, a favorite destination for tourists visiting San Marino, is located in the old town on top of Mount Titano. From here, a bird's eye view, you can see all the attractions of this small country.
You can get here by funicular, and the lifting process itself will give you an unforgettable experience. The panoramic view opening from this observation deck is able to amaze even the experienced traveler. Ancient buildings, towers and ramparts, most of which were built during the Middle Ages, are organically woven into the picturesque landscape of the steppes and numerous hills. Tickets for this site are affordable for even the most economical tourists - 3 euros for adults and 1.5 euros for children.
Second Chest Tower
The honor in San Marino is one of the three medieval towers on the three peaks of Mount Monte Titano, which has long symbolized the freedom of the country. Built in the 13th century, it occupies the highest point of San Marino (750 meters above sea level) right above the rocky cliff, which offers a breathtaking panoramic view.
The honor was erected as a citadel for defensive purposes and served as a post for observing the surroundings already in the Roman period. At the beginning of the 14th century, high external walls were erected, and the Tower combined with the fortifications of the second circle of walls, but retained its functions until the end of the 16th century.
Of course, time has repeatedly made adjustments to the appearance of the Second Tower. But many times rebuilt, the pentagonal Chest still retains the characteristic features of medieval structures with embrasures and loopholes. In the 20s of the 20th century, it underwent a radical reconstruction, which helped to keep this building to this day. Now the tower houses a rather large museum of ancient weapons. In several rooms, cold steel and firearms from different eras are collected, including instances of undoubted historical value.
Statue of Liberty in San Marino
The Statue of Liberty in San Marino is a large beautiful statue that is a sculpture of a woman in a military antique costume with a spear. The woman’s head is decorated with a crown with three towers, which symbolize the city of San Marino and the restoration of freedom.
The Statue of Liberty is located on Liberty Square, in front of the Government Palace, in the northwestern part of the city of San Marino, in the central part of the country. This amazing sculpture is carved in white Carrara marble. It was presented to the city by the German countess Otilia Geyrot Wagener in 1876 as a symbol of freedom. It was designed by sculptor Stefano Galletti. The Statue of Liberty of San Marino is depicted on a 2 euro cent coin.
Fortress walls of San Marino
The fortress walls of San Marino surround the city of the same name - the capital of the oldest state in Europe - San Marino. The walls were built, presumably, in the 5th-6th centuries, while the city itself was founded in 301 on the terraces of the Monte Titano hill, by the mason Marin.
Three-level walls, like the city of San Marino itself, rise up the mountain. For many centuries they defended the city from enemy invasions, and now only separate sections have been preserved from them, from which a beautiful view of the city opens. On the first belt of the walls, on the site of the former fortresses, are museums, the most popular of which are the Artillery Museum and the Museum of the Guard. On the second level, you can see the Government Palace and Pianello Square. The gates and towers of the former fortresses are best preserved on the third level of the fortress walls, which is the most visited among the rest.
Mount Titano is the highest point of the Republic of San Marino. The height of the mountain above sea level is 739 m, it is composed of limestone and is located in the Apennines. The three-headed peak of the mountain is crowned with three ancient towers - Guaita, Chest and Montale. These towers are a symbol of freedom and democracy of the Republic of San Marino. They are depicted on the flag and coat of arms of the country.
An old legend says that the Christian mason Marino, who escaped from the persecution of the Roman pagan emperor Diocletian, founded the new Christian settlement of San Marino on the impregnable mountain of Monte Titano in 301 CE.
Since 2008, the historical center of San Marino and Mount Monte Titano have been included in the UNESCO World Heritage List. San Marino has preserved the beautiful appearance of a medieval city today due to the fact that it is located at the very top of Mount Titano. Urban restructuring that unfolded with the advent of the industrial era, it almost did not affect.
The city of Serravalle is full of attractions, here you will find various temples, museums, exhibitions, as well as medieval fortresses. Near one of them, at the foot of the hill, there are shopping malls, which are a real paradise for shopping lovers. Usually tired tourists who have crossed a fairly large path to the ancient fortress are not very willing to go to this mini-market. But, getting here, they come to life again at the sight of many souvenirs and bright colorful fabrics. Here you can buy almost everything - sweets, wines, flour products, fruits, vegetables, clothes, small office supplies, as well as a variety of dishes of national cuisine.
Shopping malls are located under a canopy and are tents arranged in a row with many signs and posters. One of them attracts Russian tourists with the inscription "Here you can pay in rubles." Here you can not only purchase the necessary goods, but also get acquainted with the life of local residents. Shopping malls operate at night. Often local talented young people gather around them, performing national songs and dances.
The main attractions of San Marino
The territory of San Marino consists of 9 commune cities based on the site of ancient castles and fortresses. Their powerful walls, crowned with stone teeth, keep a unique medieval flavor. Residents of the country are proud of their history and cherish a rich cultural heritage. And the famous towers on the peaks of Monte Titano are the main attractions of the state. Since the 14th century, they have been depicted on the emblem of the republic as a symbol of freedom and independence.
The famous towers of San Marino
The rich legacy of the history of the state is the remains of ancient fortifications, ancient castles and cathedrals, magnificent landscapes. The symbol of the country are the three peaks of Monte Titano, crowned by picturesque towers. The oldest of them is Guaita. It was built in the 11th century and served as a prison. During the wars, the tower served as a reliable fortress, protecting from penetration beyond its borders.
Today, the Guaita Tower is an architectural landmark of San Marino. At its top is a convenient viewing platform for tourists. The panorama of the surroundings of San Marino and the surrounding areas is simply mesmerizing. A steep staircase leads to the site, along which only daredevils can climb. In the former prison premises there is a museum exposition of the country's history.
The powerful battlements of the historic landmark of San Marino are equipped with a hoisting mechanism to raise the bridge spanned over a deep moat. The old well was also preserved in the middle of the courtyard, which provided the population with water.
Despite its small size, the territory of San Marino has many unique attractions that cannot be seen in one day. The country cherishes the heroic history of the country and architectural monuments preserved from ancient times.
One of the important attractions of San Marino is the Palazzo Publico State Palace, which serves as the government residence. The building was built on the site of the House of Great Communes of the 14th century. At the end of the 19th century, the dilapidated building had to be demolished.
The new palace was designed by an Italian architect. The photo of the attractions of San Marino is impressive. Massive walls lined with local sandstone. Strict proportions remind of the mansions characteristic of medieval Italy. The facade is decorated with three Gothic arches, above which lancet windows are located.
In the central part of the facade stands a carved polygonal balcony. He announces twice a year the names of two regent captains elected by the General Council for the joint management of San Marino over the next 6 months.
Above the facade of the attraction rises the clock tower, decorated with mosaic panels of Murano glass. The entire building and the tower around the perimeter are crowned with square battlements. A bell was installed above the tower, with the help of which the population was notified about the approach of the enemy. The facade of the landmarks of San Marino is decorated with many symbols:
- emblems of the republic and its municipalities,
- symbols of small territories that appeared on the map of the country later.
At the entrance to the building you can see a bronze figure of St. Marina and the marble bust of architect Azzurri. Inside there is a gallery with busts of great people who at one time had a special influence on the history of San Marino. The magnificent interior of the attraction is adorned by the wonderful frescoes of famous Italian masters. A wide staircase leads to the assembly hall, where 60 advisers sit. You can take stunning photos of the surroundings from the palace terrace. At the end of the last century, a large-scale reconstruction of the building was carried out.
The landmark of San Marino is located in Piazza della Liberta, in the center of which is a statue of Liberty. It is made of snow-white Carrara marble in the form of a woman holding a banner in her left hand. Her head is crowned with a crown with the three famous towers of San Marino. The Statue of Liberty is facing an old building opposite the palace. His description first appeared in documents of the 14th century. Today it houses the department of internal affairs of the republic. In the square you can see and take a photo of the changing of the guard, which takes place every hour.
Church of san francesco
One of the ancient attractions of San Marino is the church of San Francesco, along with the Franciscan monastery located next to it. The construction of the complex began in the mid-14th century in the vicinity of the city. However, due to the constant threat of invasion of the country in the 16th century, the complex was moved to a new place. On the walls of the temple you can see the names of the masters from San Marino and Italy who took part in the construction.
The church holds the holy relic - a wooden crucifix of the 14th century. A museum with paintings by prominent masters of the Italian school of the 15–16th century has been opened at the temple. Their photos and descriptions can be found on Wikipedia.
Monastery of St. Chiara
On Mount Monte Titano is one of the oldest attractions of San Marino - the monastery of St. Chiara. The historical complex was built in the 16th century. However, the order itself, known for extreme asceticism and humility, was founded in the 13th century. Under him there was a women's school, where they taught various crafts.
In the middle of the 20th century, the state bought the monastery, having built a new building for its inhabitants. After the restoration of old buildings, they housed the University of San Marino. Some of the places of interest were given to the museum of immigrants. Its exposition is dedicated to the history of emigration from the country that happened at the turn of the 19–20 century. The museum collection includes:
- documentary evidence
- postcards and photos of migrants,
- names of resettlement sites,
- stories about life in exile.
The new monastery building is a modern landmark of San Marino. It was built in the early 70s of the last century on the donations of citizens and state assistance. After the construction was completed, 17 nuns moved to the monastery. The monastery has 12 cells. Each of them has a separate exit to the garden.
In the historical center of San Marino is one of the most revered places of worship - the church of San Quirino. It is part of a monastery built in the 16th century on the ruins of an ancient chapel dedicated to Saint Quirino. In the monastery courtyard you can still see an ancient well and a reservoir into which rainwater was collected.
The facade of the architectural landmark of San Marino with a five-arched portico, which is supported by massive square columns, is well preserved. A wide stone staircase leads to it. The windows are lined with stained glass depicting saints. The interior of the church is characterized by restraint and the absence of unnecessary decorations. The main values of the temple are the canvas of the famous Italian artist of the 16th century and the old altar made of expensive wood.
One of the most interesting sights of San Marino is the car museum. It presents a magnificent collection of 100 cars from different eras. There are also rare exhibits. For example, the car of one of the pontiffs. He is called the "papamobile."
A quarter of a century on the Imola racetrack in Italy passed one of the stages of Formula 1 - the San Marino Grand Prix. A separate pavilion of the museum tells about the famous racing cars. In the spacious halls of the attractions of San Marino, you can see a unique exhibition of Ferrari models, as well as documents and photographs that tell the story of the brand.
Those who wish to test the driving performance of luxury cars are provided with a test drive service. The museum is also very popular among locals who often come here with their children.
San Marino surprises tourists with unusual sights, despite the tiny size. In the vampire museum, even mysticism lovers feel creepy. Wax figures representing superstitions of different nations are represented here. At the very entrance of the guests there is a funny three-meter werewolf. Not everyone can go through all the halls of the museum, where twilight reigns, and vampires and monsters, made in full size, peep out from the corners. The gloomy red-black walls of San Marino's landmarks are lit with a flickering flame by a wax candle.
Countess Bathory, who sits in a bathtub filled with the blood of her victims, became famous for incredible bloodthirstiness. In one of the halls you can see attributes that protect against evil spirits - bunches of garlic, silver amulets. Near the museum there is a souvenir shop where you can buy items of unusual subjects.
Borgo Maggiore is one of 9 communal cities in San Marino and a popular tourist attraction. Its history began in the 12th century with the construction of a castle-fortress, around which a settlement appeared. It soon became an important shopping center.
The main attraction of Borgo Maggiore is the market square, which hosts regular agricultural and industrial fairs. In the 19th century, a cable car appeared in the city, connecting it with the capital of San Marino. It still operates and is popular among tourists.
Borgo Maggiore has many interesting sights. In the central square is the church of St. Antimo, named after the biblical martyr. The first record in the history of San Marino about the temple was found in manuscripts of the 16th century. At the end of the 19th century, during the reconstruction of the church, a bell tower was added to it.
Other tourist attractions of San Marino, located in Borgo Maggiore and its environs, are also of interest to tourists:
- Temple of the Immaculate Heart of Mary.
- Clock tower of the mid-19th century.
- Church of Del Suffraggio of the 18th century.
- The building of the city theater.
- National park with a collection of rare plants.
- Hippocrates Museum.
Serravalle is the largest communal city in San Marino. Here are the ancient architectural sights of the state. The name of the city is translated as “mountain valley”. Serravalle is located in the picturesque foothills of the Apennines. The first mention of it dates back to the 10th century. Serravalle became an integral part of San Marino in the 15th century.
The main attraction of the city is the Castello del Malatesta fortress. Tourists are attracted by:
- mazes of narrow streets that convey the flavor of those times
- features of ancient architecture,
- modern stadiums where meetings are held with the participation of the San Marino team.
4. Museum of Torture
Guides in San Marino often offer guests of a tiny state to visit an interesting institution located in the historical part of the city. The museum is one of a kind, allowing you to learn about the history of torture. His collections include more than 100 pieces. guns, all kinds of devices. They were invented in order to hurt other people. This attraction of San Marino is interesting in that it provides an opportunity to get acquainted with the instruments of torture, time-tested and the institutions of the Roman Catholic Church, who fought against heresy. No exception are those that were invented in the 20th century. The workshop for the reconstruction of torture deserves special attention, the Iron Maiden, the Inquisitor's Chair, the Heretic's pitchfork and others are considered classic tools. The sight is certainly not for people with weak nerves.
5. Montale Tower
Towers standing on Mount Titano are considered a symbol of the described state. There are only three of them, the last is called Montale, it is depicted on the back of a coin with a face value of one cent. The described attraction of San Marino has the shape of a pentahedron, you can enter the tower, for this you need to climb 7 m. An interesting fact, in the Middle Ages it was a prison, in the rock there is a deep well into which prisoners were once lowered. Now this place is not free for visits, but it is worthwhile to climb the tower at least in order to appreciate the beautiful view of the surroundings.
8. Museum of modern weapons
We continue the topic of the main attractions, which are worth paying attention to first of all. The antipode of the Chest of the museum belongs to this category, which contains examples of modern weapons, mainly those that were used during the Second World War. Tours to San Marino are often organized here, tourists try to take as many photos as possible in order to capture interesting exhibits.
9. The Palazzo Publico
Always wanted to get into the heart of the political life of a tiny state? Welcome to the government building, which is also used as the City Hall. What to see in San Marino? The building where the ceremonies are held, all the most important people sit, deserves attention. A trip here will not disappoint, because tourists are allowed to inspect the town hall from the inside, appreciate the beauty of its interiors, wall paintings.
11. Adventure Park (San Marino Adventures)
There are interesting places in the republic for outdoor enthusiasts. This is an extensive recreation area, where there is a lot of space for organizing picnics. Adults and children cannot but like rope parks, which will require endurance and dexterity to conquer. Still not sure what to see in San Marino? Go to an adventure park and allow yourself to plunge into the world of conquering peaks, overcoming difficulties.
13. State Museum of San Marino
What to visit in San Marino from the ancient? A great option is the museum, opened more than 100 years ago. The funds were used by those donated by citizens of a small state. The building presents a variety of expositions, of particular interest are those associated with art, numismatics, archeology. Artistic, historical artifacts that are directly related to the history of the republic are no exception.
In conclusion, I would like to say that it is not enough to know what to see in San Marino, you still need to competently approach the organization of leisure in an unfamiliar country. Hotels in San Marino are also available, but it is better to book rooms in advance using special services. By the way, for those who are not in the know, the mini-state does not have its own airport, you will have to get here by bus from Rimini. They follow the route 6-8 times a day.
The scheme and route of the attractions of San Marino
The short route on the city map is highlighted in yellow and red arrows, and all stages are numbered with yellow numbers on a red background. The route description will be linked to these numbers of stages of inspection.
The bus from Rimini arrives in San Marino at the “P1 bus” bus stop in Piazzale Marino Calcigini, which will be the start of the route. The designation of the “P1 bus” parking lot and the name of the Calcini square are highlighted in yellow at the bottom of the diagram.
Scheme 1 route to the attractions of San Marino
First, all tourists arriving by bus need to go up from Piazza Calcini to Via Piana, using the stairs or elevator at the far end of Piazza Calcini (shown in the photo below with a red arrow.
Elevator in Piazza Calzini
1. Gate of St. Francis. Leaving the elevator and turning left on Via Piana, about fifty meters away you will see the gates of St. Francis (Porta San Francesco) and a police booth opposite the gates. These city gates were built in the 16th century and were used as a military post. The inscription on the gate requires you to lay down your arms before entering the city.
Gate of St. Francis
If you go through the gate, then on the right behind a small staircase you will see the entrance to the torture museum (Museo della Tortura). There you can see more than 100 devices for torture and killing. But, probably, few tourists will want to start acquaintance with the city from the museum of torture.
Entrance to the Museum of Torture
Directly opposite the gate is the oldest church of San Marino - the Church of St. Francis (Chiesa e Pinacoteca San Francesco), founded in 1361. The former Franciscan monastery houses a museum containing artworks from the 14th and 18th centuries.
Church of St. Francis
Via Basilicius begins from the entrance to the Church of St. Francis, leading to the historic center.
To the left of the gates of St. Francis there is another street - Contrada delle Mura, but it is unremarkable, so the route on the scheme is laid along Via Basilicius. This small narrow street, about 70 meters long with shops and cafes at every step, leads to Titano Square.
2. Titano Square (Piazzetta del Titano). It houses the building of the State Museum (Museo di Stato). On the four floors of the museum there are exhibits related to the history of the republic (1st floor), archaeological finds and numismatics (ground floor), works of art from different eras (2nd and 3rd floors). If you turn right from Via Basilicius on Titano Square from the building of the State Museum, then after 65 meters along Contrada del Collegio, you will reach Garibaldi Square.
3. Garibaldi Square (piazza Garibaldi). A monument to Giuseppe Garibaldi (Giuseppe Garibaldi), a talented commander, a national hero of Italy, who fought for the unification of the country, was erected on the square. This is one of the first monuments of Garibaldi in the world (the work of the sculptor Stefano Galletti, 1882).
Garibaldi Square in San Marino
Opposite the monument there is a shop for philatelists and numismatists, where you can buy collectible coins of San Marino, stamps and phone cards (store website ufn.sm).
Turning left at the Garibaldi Monument, after about 90 meters you will reach Freedom Square
4. Freedom Square (Piazza della Liberta). In the center of the square is a statue of Liberty (Statua della Liberta) by sculptor Stefano Galletti (1876).At the foot of the Statue of Liberty there are fountains with drinking water, from which you can quench your thirst on a hot day.
Liberty Square in San Marino
Behind the Statue of Liberty is the Government Palace of the Palazzo Publico, which houses the government of the republic and the city hall of San Marino. You can go to the Palazzo Publico and admire its interiors, made in a medieval style. In the summer, a colorful guard changing ceremony of the Guardie di Rocca takes place in front of the Palazzo Publico Palace.
To the right of the palace is Contrada del Pianello. It will lead you (after about 150 meters) to the cable car station.
5. Cableway (It is designated on the diagram by the letter "F"). Those wishing to enjoy the magnificent panorama of the Adriatic coast from a bird's eye view can ride to the town of Borgo Maggiore for 4.5 euros and back.
Near the cable car station, if you turn right from Contrada del Pianello, there is a tourist information office (marked with the letter “I” on a blue background in the diagram), where you can take various information materials and get answers to your questions. In addition, everyone wishing to remember the visit to San Marino in the passport will be stamped with a tourist visa of the republic. Such a service costs 5 euros.
San Marino tourist visa costs 5 euros
In front of the office is a sign showing which direction the Cathedral of St. Marino (Basilica di San Marino) is located. To get to the Cathedral of St. Marino, you need, passing the tourist information office, walk along Contrada Omagnano street about 130 meters to Domus Plebis square.
St. Marino Cathedral and St. Peter's Church (right)
6. AreaDomus Plebis (Piazza Domus Plebis). Here in the square, next to the Cathedral of St. Marino, is the Church of St. Peter (Chiesa di San Pietro). According to legend, it was in this place that St. Marino built the first chapel in honor of St. Peter. Behind the altar with the statue of St. Peter are visible two stone boxes belonging to saints Marino and Leo.
The most difficult part of the route is a visit to the ancient fortresses of San Marino. But this is the most impressive stretch of the path. Medieval fortresses stand on the edge of cliffs, with views of the Adriatic coast and beautiful mountain landscapes.
From Domus Plebis Square, on which the Cathedral of St. Marino and the Church of St. Peter are located, you need to turn into the lane to the left (pictured below) and climb the stairs.
On the upper platform there is a restaurant-pizzeria Nido del Falco, on the open terrace of which you can eat and enjoy the panorama of the coast. From it you can already see the fortifications, where you keep the path.
View of Guaita Fortress
7. Guaita Fortress (Guaita). It is the largest and oldest of the three fortresses of San Marino, dating from the 11th century. It is surrounded by two rows of powerful ramparts.
To the left of the entrance to the fortress there is a small church in honor of St. Barbara, in the center of the courtyard there is a well from where the defenders of the fortress took water, now at the far end of the courtyard you can see old artillery pieces.
Guaita Fortress Courtyard
A bell tower rises above the fortress, from where the bell rang gathered residents into the walls of the fortress in case of danger, and the fortress tower. In the premises of the fortress you can see samples of ancient weapons and archaeological finds of recent years.
From the upper tier of the Guaita Tower, breathtaking views of the city and its surroundings open up. The photo below shows a view of the city and the Government Palace of the Palazzo Publico, marked by a red arrow.
View of the city from Guaita Fortress Tower
But in order to get to the top of the tower, you have to overcome a very steep staircase and climb into a vertical hole, which not everyone can afford.
View of the tower and stairs inside the tower
Upper Guaita Tower
From the fortress of Guaita you can see the second fortress of the city - Chest (Cesta).
The Chest Fortress is not included in the short route No. 1. But if you go to inspect it, then the scheme and description of the continuation of the route can be found in the next section of the article.
And those who, in addition to sightseeing, also planned to go shopping and sit in a cafe, after visiting the Guaita fortress, it is time to return to the city center along Salita alla Rocca and Contrada Santa Croce streets (highlighted in beige in figure 1), which also show what something interesting
8. On the way back you will have the opportunity to see the city gates of Porta Della Fratta, indicated on the diagram by the number "8".
Porta Della Fratta Gate
Additional route and scheme for the attractions of San Marino
This additional route, in addition to the attractions listed above, includes a visit to the Chest Fortress and the Capuchin Monastery with the San Quirino Church. In diagram 2, it is shown in blue, and a walk along it may take another 1-1.5 hours.
Diagram 2 of San Marino Attractions
9. Fortress of Chest (Cesta). From Guaita Fortress to Chest Fortress, a picturesque path with a length of about 500 meters has been laid, but given that it consists of descents and ascents, and before that you have already walked around the city a lot, it will not hurt to rest a bit before the road.
Fortress of Chest, whose construction began in the 13th century on the ruins of a Roman fortress. located on the highest peak of Mount Titano (750 m above sea level). It houses a museum of ancient weapons made in the XIII-XIX centuries.
The observation deck on the Chest Tower is considered the highest point of the city. from where breathtaking views open, including the third tower of San Marino - Montale. Many tourists do not reach the third tower of Montale, since it is closed for inspection and not everyone can reach the path along the rocky path. In diagram 2, it is shown in the upper right corner.
Montale Tower View
The return road from the fortress to the bus in Rimini lies along the street Salita alla Cesta. When reaching Piazzale Cava Antica, you need to go through the gates of Porta della Fratta, indicated by the number 8 on the diagram, and continue along Contrada Santa Croce, which goes to the left. It will take you to Garibaldi Square (piazza Garibaldi), from where the return road to the P1bus bus parking is already known.
If there is enough time before the departure of the bus, you can use it to visit several other famous sights located near the gates of St. Francis.
Going around the torture museum building on Contrada San Francesco Street, you will find yourself at Piazza Sant’Agata. On it is a monument “Altar to the Defenders of Freedom”, dedicated to the citizens of the republic who fought for its independence.
Monument to the Defenders of Freedom
Opposite the monument, you will see the entrance to the Titano Theater (1772), in which, in addition to theatrical performances, public city events are held. The facade of the theater is not impressive, but inside it is decorated with many decorative elements and a curtain of the 19th century depicting Apollo surrounded by the muses of the artist Pietro Marino Tonnini.
10. Capuchin Monastery (Convento dei Cappuccini) and San Quirino Church (Chiesa San Quirino). They are a little further on Via Paolo lll. On the square in front of the church is a column monument to St. Francis.
On the way back, you can go to a small restaurant, which is a few steps from the monastery, and have a bite to eat before departure.
Restaurant near Capuchin Monastery
From the restaurant to the bus stop about 200-250 meters, and from San Marino to the final stop in Rimini, 1 hour by bus.
For vacationers in Rimini, articles will be useful: