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TOP 15 Guimaraes Attractions

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List attractions formed on the basis of visitor reviews and sorted by rating, which is also based on visitor reviews. Thus, at the top of the list are located the most interesting sights.

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Palace of the Dukes of Braganza

The Palace of the Dukes of Bragança, which is located opposite the chapel of São Miguel do Castelo, was built in the 15th century by the future first Duke of Bragança, Don Alfons. The facade of the palace is formed by 39 unusual brick pipes and its appearance resembles the architecture of France of the time where this style was used in the construction of many palaces and mansions.

Palace of the Dukes of Braganza

At one time, the palace was used as a military barracks. And in the era of the dictatorship of Salazar, he was the official residence of the president. In the middle of the 20th century, after the building was desolate for a long time and suffered very much from the development of a quarry near it, restoration work was carried out and the palace became a museum where objects showing the life style and interiors of Portugal XVII were on display for all to see -XVIII centuries. Among the exhibits of the museum, a special attention is drawn to the collection of Flemish tapestries. They depict paintings of the Portuguese conquest of North Africa, with each tapestry representing a specific battle.

Palace of the Dukes of Braganza

The museum also presents collections of art portraits, porcelain, Persian carpets and furniture of the XVII-XVIII centuries. The museum has an armory in which you can see an extensive collection of weapons of the XV-XIX centuries. Of particular interest is the so-called feast hall, the decoration of which is an unusual wooden ceiling, in shape resembling the inverted bottom of the ship. In addition to serving as a museum for the Dukes of Braganca palace, its upper floor is the official residence of the President of the Portuguese Republic during his official visits to the north of Portugal.

Guimaraes Castle

Guimaraes is considered the cradle of Portugal. The central part of the city, where many historical monuments are located, perfectly preserved to our times, attracts both tourists and local residents.

One of the most outstanding monuments of the city is Guimaraes Castle, built in the 10th century. The founder of the castle is considered Don Mumadona Diash, who gave the order to build a castle on top in order to protect the monastery she founded from the invasion of Muslims and Normans.

Earlier on the site of Guimaraes there was a small village Vimaranens. After about a hundred years, the village became part of the lands donated to Heinrich of Burgundy, who was granted the title of Count. Count Henry and his wife chose the village as their residence. By that time, the fortress was almost destroyed and needed to be restored. The count decided to destroy what was left of the castle and expand the boundaries of the castle. The new structure has become more durable, in the west and east built a gate. And from 1139, when Portugal became independent, the castle became the official royal residence. After that, the castle was rebuilt several times. Various buildings were being built, walls were strengthened. During the reign of King Miguel, the castle was used as a political prison for some time.

In the middle of the 19th century, Guimaraes received the status of a city. In 1881, King Louis I declared the castle a historic monument. In 1910, the castle was included in the list of monuments of national importance and in 1937 a complete restoration of this unusual and historical monument was carried out.

Church of the Passion of the Lord

Guimaraes, an ancient city in the northern part of Portugal, is considered the cradle of the country. The city was founded at the beginning of the XI century, and in the same city, after the victory over the Moors in 1139, King Afonso Enriques proclaimed himself king of an independent state and became known as Afonso I. In 2001, the historical center of the city was included in the UNESCO cultural heritage list. There are many beautiful monuments of Portuguese architecture in the city, starting from the 15th century and ending with the 19th.

Church of the Passion of the Lord

The Church of the Passion of the Lord, perhaps, is considered one of the most amazing architectural monuments of the city. The temple, built in the 18th century, is located outside the Old Town, on the large square of Largo de San Gualter, and in front of the temple there is a magnificent garden. The temple is also known by the name of the church of St. Gualter and was built on the site of an old small chapel of the 15th century. The construction of the temple was carried out by the architect Andre Soares, one of the most prominent architects of the time. The architectural style of the church is baroque. Later, in the 19th century, two pointed towers were built on the sides of the building. A beautiful staircase with a balustrade leads to the main entrance. Inside the church amazes with its decoration, the main altar of the church of the XVIII century attracts attention.

Church of the Passion of the Lord

It is worth noting that on the first weekend of August, residents of the city celebrate St. Gualter’s day - "fesht guallerianash." The holiday has existed for about a hundred years and is a continuation of the tradition of the ancient fair of St. Gualter. On the day of St. Gualter, folk music is played in the city, fireworks are launched in the evening. In addition, on this day, you can see historical processions, bullfights, the battle of flowers, as well as a procession in honor of the saint.

Former Monastery of Santa Marinha da Costa

The former monastery of Santa Marinha da Costa is located in the historic city of Guimaraes, which is also called the cradle of Portugal. In 2008, Guimaraes was named the European Capital of Culture 2012, and in 2001, UNESCO declared the historic city center a World Cultural Heritage.

According to legend, the monastery was built in 1154 and donated to the monks of the Order of St. Augustine Matilda of Savoy, the wife of the first king of Portugal Afonso Enriques. The construction of the monastery was associated with the vow given by the Queen to St. Maryne, the patroness of women in labor. Later, an educational institution was opened in the monastery.

Former Monastery of Santa Marinha da Costa

The architectural design of the entrance attracts attention with its bright elements of the Moorish style, which can still be seen in the architecture of many buildings in Portugal. This entrance has been preserved to our times and is located in the northwestern corner of the monastery. It used to be the main entrance to the monastery. The decor of the main building mixes several styles, namely: Romanesque, Gothic and classic. One of the most important elements of the monastery is the tower.

In 1951, there was a fire in the eastern wing of the monastery, which destroyed everything except the main hall and the veranda. The fire also destroyed a large gallery, in which there were cells of the monks and whose walls were decorated with azulejo tiles. In 1972, the monastery was bought by the state. It was rebuilt, new premises were completed. And at the end of the 70s the monastery was turned into a hotel.

Former Monastery of Santa Marinha da Costa

Dominican monastery and church

The monastery and church of the Dominicans are located in the San Sebastian district, which is part of the Braga district in the municipality of Guimaraes.

Guimaraes is considered the cradle of Portugal, since at one time it became the first capital of the newly created kingdom of Portugal, and was also the birthplace of the first king of Portugal, Afonso Enriques. In addition, Guimaraes is known for the birth of the famous poet and playwright Zhil Vicente.

In Guimaraes, in the area of ​​the old city, there are many historical monuments, among which the Dominican monastery is worth mentioning. According to some unconfirmed reports, this ancient monastery was built at the end of the 16th century according to the prayers of the martyr Sebastian. Therefore, on the territory of the monastery there is a church in honor of this saint. There is another suggestion that the monastery was founded by the monk Sebastian from the Dominican monastery in Viana do Castelo.

The building that we see today belongs to the architecture of the 18th century. On the territory of the monastery there is the church of St. Sebastian, built in 1734. Inside the church there is a single nave, attracting the attention of visitors is a baroque organ built in 1776, as well as gilded altars and an altar of the twentieth century with an image of St. Sebastian.

Church of the Virgin Mary of Oliva

The Church of Our Lady of Oliva is located in Piazza Oliveira. Church of the Virgin Mary of Oliva is part of an ancient monastery, which was founded in the 10th century. The church was built in the 12th century by the King of Portugal Afonso Enriques as a token of gratitude for the fact that he won the battle of Ouric. After this battle, the soldiers proclaimed Afonso king of Portugal, and Portugal became an independent state. There is also another legend about the origin of this church: the Visigoth king Wamba stuck a branch of olive on the place where the church stands and swore that he would not reign until the branch blossomed. After what the king said, the branch blossomed.

Church of the Virgin Mary of Oliva

In the fourteenth century, the church was expanded and rebuilt by King João I, who vowed to the Holy Virgin Mary to restore the church, which began to collapse if it won under Aljubarotta. The king kept his promise, the reconstruction of the temple was led by architect Garcia de Toledo. During the reconstruction, most of the original Romanesque-style indoor galleries were destroyed. The chapel building and the wings of two indoor galleries were built in the Romanesque style with elements of the Mudejar style (current in Spanish architecture of the XIV-XVI centuries).

Church of the Virgin Mary of Oliva

This church is the only one in Portugal in which the ceiling of the Gothic style is decorated with paintings. In the paintings on the ceiling, the Byzantine influence is also visible. Prayer chairs of the 16th century with neoclassical backs deserve special attention. The silver altar in the Gothic style and the panel with a picture in Capella do Santissimo Sacramento attracts attention. In the tower, which adjoins the church and dates from 1513, is the tomb of the parents of King Zhuao I. At the end of the 17th century, the altar of the temple was expanded, and the coat of arms of King Zhuao I is depicted on the vaulted ceiling.

Chapel of São Miguel do Castelo

The Church of São Miguel do Castelo is located in the western part of Guimaraes Castle. This church is still symbolically associated with the formation of the Portuguese kingdom according to legend, which states that it was in this church that the future king of Portugal, Afonso Enriques, was baptized. The font where the sacrament took place is also stored there. However, these statements are contradictory, because there are still suggestions that the church was founded during the reign of Afonso II.

A small chapel in the Romanesque style was built inside Guimaraes Castle by order of Archbishop Guimaraes, presumably in the 12th century. Later, during the reconstruction, the chapel was expanded, and became known as the church. In 1229, the archbishop consecrated this church. During the reign of King Afonso III, small restoration work was carried out in the church, and after that the church served as a parish church. At the end of the nineteenth century, the building began to collapse. Reconstruction work was carried out for six years. In 1936, the main part of the sacristy on the south side of the church was destroyed in order to restore the original features of the medieval church. In 1939, restoration work was again carried out, the roof and doors were restored, and the chapel walls were strengthened.

The church of São Miguel do Castelo is one-nave, inside there is an altar. The walls of the church are made of granite. The facade of the building is decorated with a double arch with a tympanum. On the south and north sides there are also doors crowned by an arch, and long and narrow window-slots. The same windows adorn the front facade of the church, but they are larger in size. At the church there is a cemetery in which aristocrats of the Middle Ages are buried.

Archaeological Museum of Martin Sarment

Guimaraes, which is located in the north of Portugal, was the first capital of Portugal. The city is known for its well-preserved historical center with many architectural masterpieces. The historical center of Guimaraes is included in the UNESCO World Heritage List.

The Archaeological Museum of Martin Sarmento is located on the territory of the monastery of St. Dominic of the XIV century, built in the Gothic style, and is considered one of the most interesting places in Guimaraes. It is noteworthy that it is in the museum that we can plunge into the atmosphere of pre-Roman culture in Portugal.

Archaeological Museum of Martin Sarment

The museum itself was founded in 1881, the opening took place in 1885. The museum is named after the archaeologist Martin Sarment, who studied the sites of the Iron Age. At the end of the 19th century, Martin Sarmentu excavated the Celtic settlement of Sitania di Briteiros, where he found very interesting objects that can be seen in the museum: jewelry of the time, fragments of weapons of the soldiers of Louisiana ,. In 1897, Pedra Formosa appeared among the exhibits - an archaeological monument of the Castro culture, the name of which means “beautiful stone”. These are two stone slabs from the tomb, on which decorative elements and symbols are engraved.

Archaeological Museum of Martin Sarment

The museum also exhibits numismatic and ethnographic collections, objects of prehistoric and protohistorical eras in Portugal.

It is worth noting that the museum’s expositions are constantly replenished, since archaeological excavations in the vicinity of the city do not stop.

Convent and Church of São Francisco

The monastery and church of São Francisco is located in the parish of San Sebastian of Guimaraes. This architectural complex is considered one of the most outstanding monuments of the city.

Convent and Church of São Francisco

The construction of the church began in the 13th century, during the reign of King Afonso III, when representatives of the monastic order of the Franciscans first appeared in Guimaraes. The monks were accommodated in a hotel, which was located next to the city walls. Nearby, they decided to build a monastery. However, the authorities of Guimaraes were opposed to this construction, since conflicts arose periodically between them and the Franciscans. The monastery did not last long. In 1325, the monastery building was demolished by order of King Dinis on the pretext that such a building endangered the safety of residents in the event of an attack on Guimaraes. The monks moved to the shacks and lived there until 1400. This year, the monastery building began to be restored by order of King Juan I, who was also called Juan Good or Juan the Great.

Convent and Church of São Francisco

Work on the restoration of the monastery buildings lasted almost until the XV century. The apse of the church was completed in 1461 and retained the original features of the Gothic style. In the 16th century, an indoor gallery in the mannerism style was built. The biggest changes in the architecture of the church occurred in the 1740s: the arches and columns of the nave were removed, between the transept and the nave one large monumental arch was installed. An altarpiece was established, on which Miguel Francisco da Silva and Manuel da Costa Andrade worked. Also inside the church appeared engravings decorated with gold.

National Museum of Alberto Sampay

The National Museum of Alberto Sampay was founded in 1928 and is located in the city center, where many other historical monuments are located. It is worth noting that the historical center of Guimaraes, where the museum is located, the UNESCO World Heritage Committee included in the List of World Heritage Sites.

National Museum of Alberto Sampay

The museum has a collection of fine art that previously belonged to a colleague of the church of Nossa Senhora da Oliveira (Church of the Virgin Mary of Oliva in Guimaraes) and other temples and monasteries in this city. In 1928, a decree was issued according to which Alfredo Guimaraes was officially authorized to control the reconstruction of the museum's buildings: chapel house, sacristy, cloister (covered gallery) and priory (small monastery). The cloister is unusually built next to the apse of the church and has a non-standard shape. August 1, 1931 was the official opening of the museum, which was first called the Regional Museum of Alberta Sampay. A year later, the museum became national, and Alfredo Guimaraes was officially appointed director of the museum. New museum premises were opened in 1967, which allowed the museum to become more modern. A conference room was opened at the museum, and several halls for temporary exhibitions were added. Recently, the museum was again reconstructed.

National Museum of Alberto Sampay

The museum’s collection is diverse and of great interest to art lovers. Among the exhibits there are sculptural compositions of the XIII-XVIII century, made of wood and limestone, the altarpiece of the XVII century, which previously belonged to the Brotherhood of St. Peter, a support from the monastery of Santa Clara. Visitors will also be interested in frescoes and panels, pottery, church robes. The highlight of the museum is the armor of King Joao I, which he wore at the Battle of Aljubarott, and church items of the 12th-19th centuries.

Kezmarok: what is it and what does it eat with

To begin with, Kezmarok is a very small town, sandwiched between the High Tatras and another mountain range - Levochsky Tops. Its population barely exceeds the mark of 17,000 people, and therefore, even on central streets, it is often uninhabited. In 1950, the Czechoslovak government declared the city an architectural reserve, and also included the local castle in the list of cultural and historical heritage of the country. Since then, narrow streams of tourists have been reaching the city, who come here "for half a day" from the neighboring mountain resorts - Poprad or Zakopane.

In order to diversify a little rest in the mountains, Kezmarok, in principle, will fit normally. There is an old castle, a couple of medieval churches, several pretty streets, plus a whole bunch of cheap shops and cafes. If anyone is interested, a glass of beer in a local restaurant (in the very center of the city) will cost you 1 euro. A glass of wine (200 ml) will rise in the same amount.

For garlic soup with croutons, we paid 1.5 euros. Meat dishes cost from 3.5 euros ... But stop it ... Something I got carried away with listing prices in Slovak cafes. Let me tell you better what constitutes the city of Kezmarok. Ready? Well then let's go!

Attractions Kezmarka

We started our walk around the city with this bus platform next to a tiny public garden sandwiched between highways in the city center.

Right next to it are several churches, two of which can be seriously attributed to the number of important attractions of the city. The first is art Trinity Church, built in 1618 entirely from wood. In 2008, this object was included in the UNESCO World Heritage List, but if I had not known this in advance, I would not have guessed it right away. Church and church - the exterior of the building looks quite unassuming.

A completely different thing - red cathedrallocated right next to her. Here it really looks very cool.

If you believe the words of the woman guide who accompanied us on this trip - these two buildings are closely connected. The first temple is actually a temporary church (such small wooden churches were allowed to be built by the Protestants of Hungary on the basis of some important articles, which I have nothing to tell you about). When the restrictions were lifted, the Kezmark Protestants were drawn to fame and for the total money they rebuilt a hefty cathedral, which, in fact, grew right next to the old wooden church. A huge 19th-century Protestant temple was erected on a project that was originally planned to be implemented somewhere in Turkey. Therefore, it looks quite unusual. One way or another, the tall red tower is visible in Kezmarka from almost anywhere in the city. Against the background of the Tatra Mountains, it looks simply gorgeous. That is why many of Kezmar’s photographs show precisely these views, and not the castle, which is considered here as the number 1 attraction.

If you move to the right from the temple, you will find yourself in the historical quarters of the city.

What are they like? Hmm ... Some analogue of a pedestrian street in Grodno. The small multi-colored houses huddle one to one. Nothing special, but they look very pretty. A sort of classic European town - with tiled roofs and a pointed town hall, standing right in the center of the city.

Kezmar Town Hall - This is another important attraction of the city. You don’t really need to look for it - all three of the city’s main “interests” are located, literally, one after another. First, you go through the Protestant temple ... Then the Town Hall ... And after a couple of minutes you smoothly get to the castle ...

On the day we arrived in person, Kezmark Castle was twisted by an iron web from scaffolding. Builders swarmed on one of the walls. Near the other stood a few cars and buses with tourists. By the way, the fact that the parking of cars is organized right next to the castle walls surprised me unpleasantly. The city is smaller than Keira Knightley’s chest. Could the parking lot be done in some other place?

As for the castle itself ... I don’t even know what to tell you about it. A castle is like a castle. Several walls, several towers and arched gates leading to the courtyard. Outwardly, the castle is somewhat reminiscent of our Belarusian castle in Lubche. There is a museum inside, but I personally regretted even a very modest sum of 3 euros to visit it. Instead, I went with my two friends to lunch at a local restaurant, still taking a couple of photos along the way. local protestant lyceumdiscovered back in the 18th century. Here he is. Nothing like that.

If you walk a little to the left of it, carefully going around the fortress walls, you can get to a small park, in which is my favorite Kezmarka attraction - military tank with the inscription "Volodya". That's who you need to print on all cards! This tank made me smile, so if you find yourself in Kezmarka, do not pass by. Photos on his background turn out hoo.

Concluding the theme of the attractions of Kezmar, I note that in this town there is a pretty Holy Cross Exaltation Basilica, modern building of the old station (1914), church of St. Mary and some ancient "redoubts"which, to tell you the truth, I never found. Instead of searching for the remaining points, we, armed with a little euro-cents left after the cafe, went for a walk around the local shops and almost even bought my friend sneakers in some local Chinese-Gypsy boutique. The original branded “Abbibasy” here cost either 10 or 12 euros. How can I skip this ?! Separately located next to a series of things from the latest collection of "Pull and Bea". And further (if you search normally), you could even find something luxurious - from Dolchi and Gabbanyan, for example.

All in all, good things at an affordable price. A paradise for connoisseurs of quality shopping. If anyone is interested, you can find this store right behind the building of the local town hall. You can still navigate the local gypsies. They hang out there in a flock.

Yes, I understand that it sounds stupid, but it was this Chinese-Gypsy shop and the smiling Volodya tank that became for me the brightest points on the map of Slovak Kezmarka. On the one hand, I can’t say that it’s not worth going to this city at all. On the other hand ... Well, what can I add. Just do not expect anything special from this town. This is not Krakow or even Bratislava (where I was at the beginning of the year, and which seemed to me a much more interesting place). The most beautiful in Kezmarka is the mountains. Here they really blow the roof ... And the Tatra National Park is an excellent confirmation of this.

Kezmarok Hotels

There are very few hotels in this Slovak town, but if necessary, there is plenty to choose from: in Kezmark there is even one hostel and even one four-star hotel. Hotel prices start from 32 euros. The very hotel Hvezdoslav, which has as many as 4 stars, will cost you exactly 2 times more expensive.

It’s best to search for suitable options with the help of Hotellook or RoomGuru sites (I have written many times in previous articles about these search engines that simultaneously compare prices at dozens of different booking sites). But on AIRBNB here you can find just a few options. Typically, in cities like Kezmarok, some local Slovak rental sites show good results. But alas, I can’t tell you something specific here.

Although, in my opinion, all these options should in any case be left to the extreme. It is much more reasonable to use other "anchor" points for traveling to this region - Poprad, Kosice or the Polish resort of Zakopane. Slovakia in general is a very small country, comparable in size to the Minsk region. You can go round it up and down pretty quickly. And there are plenty of beautiful places there. And the same Belyansk Cave, Spissky Castle or the castle in Orava are excellent evidence of this.

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