The Crimean peninsula has a rich history: at different times Greeks, Crimean Tatars, Italians, Turks, Russians and Ukrainians lived here. They fought for their native lands in bloody wars, built cities and castles, wrote poems and erected monuments. The interweaving of traces of ancient, medieval and modern cultures creates a unique image of the Black Sea pearl, and hundreds of thousands of tourists flock to the peninsula to appreciate Crimea sights with their own eyes.
1. Tauric Chersonesos
The ancient city, founded by the ancient Greeks in the 5th century BC. e., for a long time was the richest center of culture, crafts and trade. In the 1st century BC e. the first followers of Christ settled here, and in the X century, Prince Vladimir was baptized. Today, Tauric Chersonesos impresses with the primeval beauty and breath of past eras. Archaeological excavations began in 1827, and, it is noteworthy, that they are being conducted to this day.
2. Assumption Cave Monastery
The ancient monastery in Bakhchisarai, founded by fugitive Byzantine monks more than a thousand years ago, is located in the steep wall of a wild gorge. The mountain monastery was closed by the Soviet authorities, and then destroyed by the 1927 earthquake.
During the Great Patriotic War, a military hospital was located on its territory, and after - a neuropsychiatric dispensary, and only in 1993 the Holy Assumption Monastery was restored and transferred to the Orthodox Church.
3. Genoese fortresses
In the Middle Ages, the Crimean peninsula was occupied by a rich colony of Genoa, and in order to protect their lands from invasions of nomadic tribes, the Genoese built fortresses in Sudak, Feodosia and Balaklava. According to statistics, today these fortresses of Crimea are most popular among tourists. This is partly why further archaeological excavations are planned on the territory of the citadels, designed to continue an exciting journey into the past.
4. Monument to the scuttled ships in Sevastopol
During the Crimean War in 1854-1855, orders were given to flood Russian ships in the Sevastopol Bay in order to prevent the enemy fleet from reaching the shores. At the beginning of the XX century, a monument was opened to the scuttled ships, now sealed on the coat of arms of the city. The triumphal column with a two-headed eagle looking towards the sea rises on an artificial granite rock protruding from the water. The monument with a height of more than 16 meters represents the eternal memory of the heroes of the war.
5. Malakhov Kurgan
The military historical memorial is located on a strategically important hill on the Ship side of Sevastopol. This height, from which a bewitching panorama of the city opens, became famous in two wars: the Crimean and the Great Patriotic War. The defensive tower, preserved from the time of the First Defense of Sevastopol, the museum, the Eternal Flame and more than twenty memorial architectural monuments can tell about the battles and exploits of Russian soldiers and commanders.
6. Dulber Palace
The snow-white Moorish-style palace was built near Yalta at the end of the 19th century for Prince Romanov according to his own sketch. Arched windows, battlements, silver domes - the magnificent building fully lives up to its name, which translates from Arabic as "magnificent."
With the advent of Soviet power, the palace functioned as a sanatorium, but today it is closed to visitors, however tourists can visit this Crimean attraction from the outside and take a walk through the picturesque territories of the palace.
7. Adzhimushkaysky quarries
In 1942, the Nazis occupied Kerch. Soviet troops, who did not have time to evacuate, and the local population went into the dungeons of the village of Adzhimushkay. The defense of the quarries lasted almost six months, and after the catacombs were captured, forty-eight out of thirteen thousand remained alive.
A tour of the Adzhimushkaysky quarries is designed to acquaint people with the survival conditions of the defenders and tell about the feat and tragedy of Soviet people during the Great Patriotic War.
8. Church of the Resurrection of Christ in Foros
On the Red Rock, at an altitude of more than 400 meters above sea level, at the end of the 19th century a church was erected in honor of the miraculous salvation of Alexander III and his family during the collapse of the imperial train in 1888. During the occupation by the German invaders, the building was used as a stable, after the war a restaurant was opened here, and then a warehouse. In the early nineties, looted, without windows and domes, the temple began to be gradually restored. Today, the beautiful Byzantine-style church is open to the public.
9. Swallow's Nest
One of the most famous sights of Crimea is the palace of the German baron, built at the beginning of the 20th century in the spirit of medieval knightly castles on the steep cliff of the southern coast of the peninsula. At the beginning of World War I, a restaurant was opened in the building, and in the Soviet years, a reading room. For a long time, the castle was in disrepair. Today, the restored masterpiece of Gothic architecture is open to the public.
10. Cave city of Chufut-Kale
In the Bakhchisarai district on a mountain plateau is an ancient cave fortress. According to scientists, it was created in the V century, later it was mastered by the Polovtsy, then the Karaites. More than one hundred and fifty caves are former residential and utility rooms, carved into the rocks like a honeycomb. Only two Karaite temples, one residential estate and the mausoleum of the daughter of Khan Tokhtamysh, are well preserved to this day. The rest of the city is ruined.
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