Xanthi - One of the most popular and interesting cities in Western Thrace, rich in architectural monuments, museums and mansions of the 19th century. Xanthi gained world fame thanks to its high-quality tobacco products.
Once in Xanthi, first go to Folk museum, which is located in a picturesque area of the old city. Old city - This is a district towering above the rest of Xanthi, with many streets and colorful architecture. Due to the many historical ups and downs of the city, imprints of German romanticism, the Italian Renaissance, and the classical Greek era can be seen in its architectural style.
Our next stop is MunicipalXanthi Gallery, located in a building of an old two-story mansion. The official name of the gallery is “Christ Pavlidis", In honor of the famous Greek artist, who presented the gallery with many of his works.
Another local attraction is Metropolitan Xanthi Cathedral, located on the cathedral square of the city, which stands out among other buildings with a symmetrical building with a magnificent staircase and a large balcony.
Then you can go to see the restored Clock tower in the style of art deco and local tobacco stores in the southeast of the old city, on Independence Square (Platia Lefterias).
Xanthi is often called the "city of a thousand flowers", a city in which cultures, peoples, traditions and eras are mixed. Here you can taste sweets that you will not find anywhere else, and Xanthi is famous for bread products and pastries, local wine and the traditional Greek drink ouzo - alcoholic tincture on herbs.
Local cuisine combines the best culinary traditions of the East and West, and also on the menu you will always find traditional Greek dishes. You can taste all this in any of the taverns of the city, which are scattered literally around the perimeter - in the old part of the city, in the center and on the promenade.
Well, one of the main attractions of the city is its traditional bazaar - Pazari Xanthis. Starting from the street of October 28th, through the central square, the streets of Michalis Karaolis and Andreas Dimitrios, and up to the shopping and entertainment center Vasilisa Konstantin, hundreds of shops and shops are waiting for their customers. Here you can find absolutely everything - from traditional products to exotic delicacies and drinks, handmade souvenirs, paintings by local artists and colorful fabrics of local production - from the abundance of goods, your eyes just run up!
Well, having a good rest in Xanthi and having bought souvenirs for yourself and friends, you can go on excursions around the city. For example, you can visit a city Stavrupolis and Museum of Folklore in him. Just keep in mind - the visit will need to be agreed with the owner of the museum (this can be done right on the spot, tourists are always welcome here), because the museum does not have a work schedule as such or an entrance fee.
You can also go to the beach. Lake Vistonisand visit the monastery of Agios Nikolaos or to a nearby gulf of vistonicos, known due to the huge number of different species of birds nesting here.
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In the area between Lake Vistonis in the east and the Nestos River in the west in ancient times, the Thracian tribes en bistons (near Lake Vistonis) and sapei (west of Lake Vistonis and up to the Nestos River) lived. In the mountains of the same region, the Tracy tribes en lived in the Thracian tribes (in the northeast, in the valley of the Travos river (Τραύος), flowing through the Echinos valley and flowing from the north into Lake Vistonis), en satras in the north and diya in the Nestos valley.
The center of the Satrean Union was a village located on the Kosintos el river (Kossinf), at the entrance to the gorge leading to the interior of the highlands. This village in the archaic period was called Couple (Πάρα), which meant “passage, pass”.
Over time, the name of the village was changed to Topir (Τόπαρα ή Τόπειρος) with the same meaning.
In 100 BC e. the village was crossed by the Egnatieva road and Topir turned into a prosperous city. Due to its strategic position, at the beginning of the II century BC. e. Topir was rebuilt by Emperor Trajan, as part of the provincial policy aimed at the urbanization of Thrace. As part of this, the territory stretching on both banks of the Nestos River has become a dense network of rural settlements and fortresses. South of the village of Paradisos (Greek) Russian. , near the river Nestos, you can still find Roman and Byzantine ruins. Topir minted his own coins (2nd century A.D.).
During the Roman and Early Byzantine period, Topir was known as one of the most important cities in southwestern Thrace. In 549-550 years. the city of Topir (as well as the nearby Anastasiupol el and Trayanopol (English) Russian. (Trayanopolis)) was destroyed by the Slavs, up to 15 thousand men were killed on the spot, and children and women were enslaved for the Danube. In 552, Justinian I restored Topir, fortified it with high walls and built a gallery on the arches of the walls.
In the 8th century, Topir was rebuilt after an earthquake or a raid by barbarians and renamed Rusion (Ρούσιον). Rusion was later renamed the city Xanfia (Ξάνθεια). This name is mentioned in the documents of the Council of Constantinople in 879, where Bishop Georgios (Γεώργιος) was present.
At first, a small village stood on the site of a modern city. Subsequently, this village had to become a dumb witness to the turbulent periods of the history of Thrace, such as raids, disasters, ethnic conflicts and civil wars. The population of the Xanthi region markedly decreased when the Ottoman Turks captured the region.
By 1715, Xanthi or Yenisei en (Yenige) was becoming a famous place for the production of quality tobacco. The tobacco trade throughout Europe has made Xanthi a thriving place. However, in March and April 1829, two earthquakes literally wiped the city from the face of the earth. However, the city was quickly restored. In 1870, the city again suffered, but already from a fire.
In 1891, a railway line passed the city, accelerating the economic development of the city. By the beginning of the 20th century, the population of Xanthi was already several thousand inhabitants.
After the First Balkan War, in 1912, Xanthi passed to Bulgaria, but after 8 months the Greek army occupied the city. As a result of the armistice concluded during the Second Balkan War, Greece ceded Xanthi and Western Thrace to Bulgaria. The territory of Bulgaria was Xanthi until the end of the First World War. After the Bulgarian defeat in this war, West Thrace and Xanthi became a part of Greece. In 1941, Bulgaria, as an ally of Germany, occupied Xanthi. In 1944, the city was liberated by the Greek People's Liberation Army-ELAS.